Special Feature: Human Trafficking - Justice System Response

Publications and Multimedia

United States Advisory Council on Human Trafficking Annual Report 2017
United States Advisory Council on Human Trafficking, January 2018
Federal Prosecution of Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children Cases, 2004-2013
Bureau of Justice Statistics, October 2017
Just Science Podcast: Just Case Studies: Episode 22: From Teeth to Trafficking podcast graphic
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, October 2017
Human Trafficking: Investigations in IndianCountry or Involving Native Americans and Actions Needed to Better Report on Victims Served
U.S. Government Accountability Office, September 2017
The Vicarious Trauma Toolkit
Office for Victims of Crime, April 2017
National Strategy to Combat Human Trafficking
U.S. Department of Justice, January 2017
Post-Conviction Advocacy for Survivors of Human Trafficking: A Guide for Attorneys
Office for Victims of Crime-Sponsored, November 2016
United States Advisory Council on Human Trafficking Annual Report 2016
U.S. Department of State, October 2016
Improving the Investigation and Prosecution of State and Local Human Trafficking Cases
National Institute of Justice, September 2016
A Screening Tool for Identifying Trafficking Victims
National Institute of Justice, September 2016
Attorney General’s Annual Report to Congress and Assessment of U.S. Government Activities to Combat Trafficking in Persons, Fiscal Year 2015
U.S. Department of Justice, June 2016
The National Strategy for Child Exploitation Prevention and Interdiction: A Report to Congress
U.S. Department of Justice, April 2016
Combating Child Sex Trafficking: A Guide for Law Enforcement Leaders
Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, 2016
Identifying Effective Counter-Trafficking Programs and Practices in the U.S.: Legislative, Legal, and Public Opinion Strategies that Work
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, November 2015
Missing Children, State Care, and Child Sex Trafficking: Engaging the Judiciary in Building a Collaborative Response
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention-Sponsored, June 2015
Confronting Commercial Sexual Exploitation and Sex Trafficking of Minors in the United States: A Guide for the Legal Sector
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention-Sponsored, October 2014
Human Trafficking Task Force e-Guide: Strengthening Collaborative Responses
Bureau of Justice Assistance and Office for Victims of Crime, October 2014
Understanding the Organization, Operation, and Victimization Process of Labor Trafficking in the United States
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, October 2014
Hidden in Plain Sight: Challenges to Identifying, Investigating, and Prosecuting Human Trafficking
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, September 2014
The Front Line: Challenges for Law Enforcement in the Fight Against Human Trafficking
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, July 2014
A Guide to Human Trafficking for State Courts
State Justice Institute-Sponsored, July 2014
Identifying Challenges to Improve the Investigation and Prosecution of State and Local Human Trafficking Cases
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, April 2012
Effects of Federal Legislation on the Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, July 2010
Understanding and Improving Law Enforcement Responses to Human Trafficking: Final Report
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, June 2008
For additional resources on this topic, see the Trafficking in Persons section of our site and conduct a search of the NCJRS Abstracts Database.

Related Resources

American Bar Association: Survivor Reentry Project
With support from the Office for Victims of Crime, this project provides national training and technical assistance for attorneys working with survivors of human trafficking who have been convicted of a crime as a result of their victimization.
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI): Human Trafficking/Involuntary Servitude
The FBI works to protect and defend the United States against terrorist and foreign intelligence threats and to enforce the criminal laws of the United States, including human trafficking.
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI): Violent Crimes Against Children/Online Predators
This FBI program identifies and rescues child victims and works to reduce the vulnerability of children to in-person and online sexual exploitation and abuse. Its investigation priorities include cases of trafficking involving youth.
National Conference of State Legislatures: Human Trafficking Overview
This Office for Victims of Crime-funded resource provides information about state laws to combat human trafficking and assist trafficking survivors. The site provides information on legislation that:
  • criminalizes trafficking crimes,
  • provides survivor protections in court,
  • provides services to survivors,
  • increases cooperation and coordination between agencies, and
  • seeks to prevent human trafficking.
U.S. Department of Justice: Child Exploitation and Obscenity Section (CEOS)
CEOS works to combat incidences of child exploitation and the trafficking of women and children. Issues under the CEOS umbrella include child pornography, illegal interstate or international transportation of women and children, international parental abduction, computer-related exploitation of children, and child victimization on federal and Indian lands.
U.S. Department of Justice: Human Trafficking
This website highlights Department of Justice activities associated with the prevention of human trafficking, efforts to better serve trafficking victims, and collaborations to more efficiently investigate and prosecute traffickers.
U.S. Department of Justice: Human Trafficking Prosecution Unit (HTPU)
HTPU prosecutors work closely with Assistant United States Attorneys and law enforcement agencies to streamline fast-moving trafficking investigations, ensure consistent application of trafficking statutes, and identify multijurisdictional trafficking networks.
U.S. Department of State: Human Smuggling and Trafficking Center
The Human Smuggling and Trafficking Center provides a mechanism to bring together federal agency representatives from the policy, law enforcement, intelligence, and diplomatic areas to work together on a full time basis to achieve increased effectiveness, and to convert intelligence into effective law enforcement and other action.
U.S. Department of State: Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons
The Trafficking Victims Protection Act (P.L. 106-386), adopted in October 2000, provides the tools to combat trafficking in persons, both worldwide and domestically. The Act authorized the establishment of the Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons.
U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE): Human Trafficking
The mission of the ICE Human Trafficking Unit is to identify, both domestically and internationally, criminal individuals and organizations involved in human smuggling and trafficking and destroy their ability to operate by using the full range of resources, capabilities, and authorities available to ICE. Disruption of current smuggling activity, seizure of assets and funds, relentless investigation, and prosecution of the individuals involved significantly undermine the capacity of these organizations and groups to conduct their business.
U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE): Project STAMP
Project STAMP attacks human smuggling and human trafficking organizations from an aggressive anti-money laundering stance. ICE's Office of Homeland Security Investigations follows money trails to identify key members of criminal organizations involved in human smuggling/human trafficking activity.

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