National report highlights trends in juvenile crime and victimization
Juvenile Offenders and Victims: 2006 National Report draws on reliable data and relevant research to provide a comprehensive and insightful view of juvenile crime across the Nation. This report, from the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), offers Congress, State legislators and other State and local policymakers, professors and teachers, juvenile justice professionals, and concerned citizens empirically based answers to frequently asked questions about the nature of juvenile crime and victimization and about the justice system’s response.
Citing FBI and other data sources, the report demonstrates that the rate of juvenile violent crime arrests has decreased consistently since 1994, falling to a level not seen since at least the 1970s. During this period of overall decline in juvenile violence, however, the proportion of female juveniles arrested for violent crimes (especially assault) has increased, marking an important change in the types of youth entering the juvenile justice system and in their programming needs. The report also describes when and where juvenile violent crime occurs, focusing on the critical after-school hours.
Juvenile Offenders and Victims: 2006 National Report offers a clear view of juvenile crime and the justice system’s response at the beginning of the 21st century. The full report, data files for the graphs, PowerPoint presentations, and links to additional statistics are all available online on the OJJDP Web site.
Juvenile Offenders and Victims: 2006 National Report, 261 pages
Census provides snapshot of facilities that hold juvenile offenders
In October 2002, OJJDP administered the second Juvenile Residential Facility Census (JRFC) to collect information about the facilities in which juvenile offenders are held. The census was designed to gather information on facility characteristics such as type, size, structure, security arrangements, ownership, and operation. The biannual survey also examines the use of bedspace and the services provided to youth in these facilities.
This online-only bulletin, part of the National Report Series, presents selected findings from the 2002 JRFC and focuses on two issues of primary interest to the juvenile justice field: facility overcrowding and facility-related deaths. Readers can find data reported here and additional data on juvenile corrections in Juvenile Offenders and Victims: 2006 National Report and the Statistical Briefing Book on the OJJDP Web page (www.ojp.usdoj.gov/ojjdp and click on “Statistics”).
Juvenile Residential Facility Census, 2002: Selected Findings, 15 pages
Survey reports on law enforcement assessments of local youth gangs
Annually since 1995, the National Youth Gang Center (NYGC) has conducted the National Youth Gang Survey of law enforcement agencies throughout the United States regarding the presence and characteristics of local gang problems. This fact sheet summarizes the findings from the 2004 survey. Compared with the 1999–2001 survey period, in the 2002–2004 survey period, the average number of agencies that reported gang problems was slightly higher in smaller and larger cities, slightly lower in rural counties, and virtually unchanged in suburban counties.
Highlights of the 2004 National Youth Gang Survey, 2 pages
Report discusses challenges of building community support for jail construction
The local jail plays a critical role in the community, but building community support for new jail construction is not a popular topic among policymakers and their constituents. This National Institute of Corrections bulletin gives an
overview of a multipronged support-building process that can be adapted to any jail project and provides examples of how several communities used this process.
Building Community Support for New Jail Construction, 24 pages
Bulletin measures alcohol, drug, and mental health disorders among detained youth
A significant number of youth in detention suffer from psychiatric disorders. This bulletin draws on research conducted by the Northwestern Juvenile Project that measured the prevalence of alcohol, drug, and mental disorders among youth detained at the Cook County Juvenile Temporary Detention Center in Illinois. The study examined the prevalence of psychiatric disorders among youth by gender, race and ethnicity, and age. According to the study, nearly two-thirds of males and three-quarters of females detained at the facility met diagnostic criteria for one or more psychiatric disorders.
Psychiatric Disorders of Youth in Detention, 16 pages
Defining criteria for jail site selection
Selecting an appropriate site for a new jail project or expanding an existing facility are complex tasks involving technical and financial considerations and, often, public controversy. This bulletin, part of a series on new jail planning, provides jurisdictions with information needed to begin the jail site evaluation and selection process and outlines an approach that can help jurisdictions address public concerns and make the best decisions in choosing a site that meets community needs.
Jail Site Evaluation and Selection, 16 pages
Body armor, suicide terrorism, biometrics, and more discussed in the latest NIJ Journal
The newest NIJ Journal features an article on the National Institute of Justice’s body armor standards and testing program. When a Zylon-based body armor that had passed NIJ standards failed to fully protect an officer in 2003, NIJ began investigating why. The article discusses the findings of the investigation as well as interim changes to the standards and testing program.
Another article discusses an NIJ-sponsored conference on suicide terrorism, at which experts in the field presented findings and shared views on suicide terrorists, what compels individuals to join terrorist organizations, and the utility of a central database of research on the topic.
Additional stories feature the success and shortcomings of a biometric-based identification system a New Jersey school used to keep its students safer, NIJ’s method for identifying which criminal justice-related programs are suitable candidates for evaluations, ways to better investigate electronic crimes, methamphetamine use and production and the implications for police and policy, and increased reports of rape involving people who know each other.
NIJ Journal, 254, 36 pages
To see statistical updates and new publications from the Bureau of Justice Statistics, visit www.ojp.usdoj.gov/bjs.