Offering Guidance in Implementing OJJDP Gang Model
Best Practices To Address Community Gang Problems: OJJDP’s Comprehensive Gang Model helps guide communities responding to a present or potential youth gang problem in implementing the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention’s (OJJDP’s) Comprehensive Gang Model. This report describes the research informing the model, notes findings from evaluations of several programs demonstrating the model, and outlines best practices developed by practitioners who have implemented the model in their communities.
Examining Violence by Girls
OJJDP convened the Girls Study Group to guide the development, testing, and dissemination of strategies to reduce or prevent girls’ involvement in delinquency and violence. One of a series of bulletins detailing the findings of the Girls Study Group, Violence by Teenage Girls: Trends and Context, examines the involvement of girls in violent activity (including whether such activity has increased relative to the increase for boys) and the contexts in which girls engage in violent behavior.
Highlighting U.S. Juvenile Gang Problem
OJJDP’s Highlights of the 2006 National Youth Gang Survey fact sheet summarizes findings from the annual survey of urban, suburban, and rural law enforcement agencies regarding the presence and characteristics of local youth gangs. According to the survey, an estimated 785,000 gang members and 26,500 gangs were active in the United States in 2006.
Addressing Crime and Social Disorder
Community Policing Dispatch (CPD), the newsletter of the Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), assists law enforcement practitioners in addressing crime and social disorder and explores best practices in community policing. CPD also presents new technologies to bring the latest principles to the practitioner. The July issue has stories about police recruitment challenges, California’s gang prevention network, the new COPS Office program to combat child sexual predators, the murder-prevention star strategy for preventing homicides, and an exploration of how community policing is tough on crime.
Mapping Out Solutions
Geography & Public Safety, a collaborative effort between the National Institute of Justice (NIJ) and the COPS Office, is a new quarterly newsletter of applied geography for the study of its effects on crime and public safety that launched in March 2008. Geographic information systems provide an efficient, visual approach to mapping, analyzing, and alleviating law enforcement problems, such as areas of crime concentration, traffic congestion, or drunk driving. The newsletter is divided into four substantive areas: practice related to mapping and problem analysis, policy that analyzes the intersect between geography and crime, technical tips to aid practitioners in comprehending spatial analysis, and news briefs of developments in the field. The newsletter, which also includes announcements of upcoming conferences and training opportunities, is useful for police practitioners at all levels who are interested in geography’s relationship to crime, as well as for researchers, policymakers, and others. The July 2008 issue includes information about traffic, mapping techniques, and advanced statistical analysis.
Dealing With Dealers
Evaluations of drug interventions over recent years show that focused, partnership-based law enforcement approaches are more effective than unfocused, law enforcement-only efforts. Disrupting Street-Level Drug Markets, which summarizes the findings from these evaluations, emphasizes the importance of police efforts that rely on police-citizen relationships and consider the conditions that support street-level drug market activity. This first report in a series of crime prevention research reviews, published by the COPS Office with the Campbell Collaboration Crime and Justice Group, recommends what it calls “problem-oriented” policing, using 34 evaluation studies that focus on people, places, and victims.
Disrupting Street-Level Drug Markets, 32 pages
Targeting “Hot Spots”
Police officers know the likely trouble spots in their beats and are often very sensitive to signs of potential crime. Police Enforcement Strategies to Prevent Crime in Hot Spot Areas studies the effects of hot spot policing programs on crime and disorder. This report, the second in the COPS Office’s Crime Prevention Research Reviews series, summarizes the findings of studies that investigated whether focused police efforts in targeted areas control crime or merely relocate it, and concludes that police focus on high-crime areas can lower crime.
Enhancing Crime Analysis
How do police reduce the harm caused by specific crime and disorder problems? Enhancing the Problem-Solving Capacity of Crime Analysis Units, a new guide in the Problem-Solving Tools Series of the Problem-Oriented Guides for Police (POP Guides), helps police managers ensure that their crime analysts are properly inducted into the police environment and that their analytical work is fully integrated into departmental operations. The guide is organized around nine fundamental concerns that must be addressed when developing a problem-solving capacity within a crime analysis unit. Following each of the nine concerns, posed as questions, the author offers recommendations for consideration by skilled problem-solving crime analysts.
The Police, Featuring Sting
Sting operations have been part of the modern police response to crime for more than 40 years, although artful deceptions and undercover operations have been part of police techniques for as long as policing has existed. Sting Operations, a new guide in the Police Response Guides Series of the POP Guides, takes a broad approach to include a wide range of crime types and the different sting operations that target them. The guide helps law enforcement officials decide whether sting operations would be right for them by reviewing both their benefits and negative consequences.
Sting Operations, 72 pages
Hiring and Retaining Officers
Nationwide, it is increasingly difficult to find and retain talented police officers. The Recruitment, Hiring, and Retention Resources for Law Enforcement CD-ROM from the COPS Office contains more than 50 documents from an assortment of useful justice sources and is designed to assist law enforcement management in finding, training, and retaining qualified staff. Areas covered are grouped into the categories of recruitment and hiring, retention and training, ethics and integrity, early intervention, and stress management.
Looking Out for Pedestrians
In 2003, approximately 4,700 pedestrians were killed and another 70,000 injured due to pedestrian-vehicle crashes. One pedestrian is killed in a traffic collision every 113 minutes and one is injured every 8 minutes. Pedestrian Injuries and Fatalities, a POP Guide, examines the problem of pedestrian-vehicle crashes that result in these statistics. It provides a series of questions and assessment tools to help law enforcement analyze their local pedestrian injury and fatality problems. Finally, it reviews responses to the problem and what is known about them from evaluative research and police practice.
Pedestrian Injuries and Fatalities, 108 pages
OJP Financial Guide for Grantees Available
The Office of the Chief Financial Officer (OCFO) at the Office of Justice Programs (OJP) has developed the OJP Financial Guide to assist award recipients in fulfilling their fiduciary responsibility to safeguard grant funds and to ensure that funds are used for the purposes for which they were awarded. The Guide is a day-to-day management tool for OJP award recipients and may also be used by subrecipients in administering their grant programs. The provisions of the Guide apply to all grantor agency awards. Grantees may call OCFO’s Customer Service Center at 800-458-0786 or e-mail at firstname.lastname@example.org with any financial management questions or suggested revisions.
OJP Financial Guide 2008, 165 pages
Strategies to Address Gang Crime: A Guidebook for Local Law Enforcement is based on the premise that gang problems are local and solutions must be based on improving understanding of the nature of the problems and the immediate underlying conditions that give rise to them. The author provides practical guidance on using the SARA problem-solving model process (scanning, analysis, response, and assessment) to help law enforcement agencies develop useful and effective measures, recognize key intervention points, and select appropriate responses.
Policing Terrorism: A Police Chief’s Guide contains 50 lessons that summarize writings on and clearly articulate the essential components of a counterterrorism plan. Although applicable to law enforcement agencies of any size, it will be of particular relevance to small- and mid-size police departments that have limited resources to devote to terrorism prevention and response.