Studies suggest that crime rates for Native Americans are far greater than the general population. But data on crime and victimization in Indian Country has always been severely limited. Representative studies of crime and violence have never been done across all tribal communities.
That is changing, though, and it’s just one achievement of the Tribal Law and Order Act of 2010 (TLOA).
Under TLOA, the U.S. Department of Justice is working to improve public safety in Indian Country through increased tribal crime and justice research, enhanced prosecution and training efforts, and grant opportunities, among other initiatives.
As part of an effort to improve data collection on crime and justice, the Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) has worked to expand tribal law enforcement participation in and reporting to the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s Uniform Crime Reporting Program. After only 12 agencies reported to the program in 2008, 158 agencies were reporting as of 2013.
BJS is also conducting the 2016 National Survey of Tribal Law Enforcement Agencies — the first BJS statistical collection targeting Bureau of Indian Affairs agencies and tribal law enforcement agencies.
In September 2016, the Department of Justice announced over $107 million in awards to American Indian and Alaska Native communities to improve public safety, support programs for juveniles, and enhance victim services.
To learn more about Justice in Indian Country, select a specific content area from the box to the right under the "Justice in Indian Country" heading.