Studies suggest that crime rates are much higher for Native Americans compared with the national average.
Under the Tribal Law and Order Act (TLOA), launched in 2009, the U.S. Department of Justice is working to improve public safety in Indian Country through increased tribal crime and justice research, enhanced prosecution and training efforts, and grant opportunities, among other initiatives.
In Indian Country, the tribal justice system is unique since it varies across tribal nations and regions of the country. Criminal jurisdiction in Indian County varies by the type of crime committed, whether the offender or victim is a tribal member, and the state in which the offense occurred.
The TLOA is intended to create substantial, lasting improvements in public safety for American Indians and Alaska Natives. It will do so by undertaking reforms to institutionalize the federal commitment to public safety for tribal nations and by strengthening the ability of tribal justice systems to protect their people and pursue justice.
In September 2016, the Department of Justice announced more than $107 million in awards to American Indian and Alaska Native communities to improve public safety, support programs for juveniles, and enhance services for victims.
To learn more about Justice in Indian Country, select a specific content area from the box to the right under the "Justice in Indian Country" heading.