Special Feature: Law Enforcement Resources
According to statistics reported to the Federal Bureau of Investigation through the Law Enforcement Officers Killed and Assaulted (LEOKA) Program, 106 officers were killed in line-of-duty incidents in 2018. Of these, 55 officers died as a result of felonious acts, and 51 officers died in accidents. Preliminary LEOKA data for 2019 show that seventeen law enforcement officers have been reported feloniously killed and eighteen have been reported accidentally killed as of May 13, 2019.
In support of law enforcement across the country, the Office of Justice Programs (OJP) provides scientifically-based information and tools to assist agencies in establishing improved practices and protocols to help keep officers safe.
According to the LEOKA 2018 data, offenders used firearms to kill 51 of the 55 victim officers in 2018. The preliminary 2019 data show that fourteen of the seventeen victim officers were killed with firearms.
At OJP, officer health and wellness is an important focus of research, grants, and resources.
The National Institute of Justice (NIJ) first published a performance standard for modern police body armor in 1972 and has continued to develop and test body armor over the past 40 years. The NIJ performance standard is the only national standard available to law enforcement. In 2018, NIJ released a quick reference guide for law enforcement on the selection, care, and maintenance of body armor.
An officer's mental wellness is just as vital to their job performance and overall health and well-being as their physical health. The Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) sponsors the VALOR initiative, which provides no-cost training on safety and officer wellness to tens of thousands of officers across the country. BJA also partnered with the International Association of Chiefs of Police to launch the National Consortium on Preventing Law Enforcement Suicide, a groundbreaking initiative to raise awareness of the systemic barriers to mental health and prevent deaths by suicide among officers.
Vicarious trauma is an ongoing challenge for officers as it can leave long-lasting effects on those who are exposed to traumatic incidents and who work closely with crime victims. The Vicarious Trauma Toolkit from the Office for Victims of Crime provides supportive resources for agencies to address the needs of their personnel.
When tragedy strikes, OJP is focused on helping survivors and public safety officers. Administered through BJA, the Public Safety Officers' Benefits Program provides death and education benefits to survivors of fallen law enforcement officers, firefighters, and other first responders, and disability benefits to officers catastrophically injured in the line of duty.
Visit the following pages for additional information and resources produced or sponsored by OJP and other federal sources:
- Equipment and Technology
- Grants and Funding
- Public Safety Officers' Benefits Programs
- Health, Safety, and Survival
- Training and Technical Assistance