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High Intensity Drug Trafficking AreaInternational
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Washington, DC/Baltimore HIDTA

Mission Statement: To enhance and coordinate America's drug-control efforts among federal, state and local agencies in order to eliminate or reduce drug trafficking (including the production, manufacture, transportation, distribution and chronic use of illegal drugs and money laundering) and its harmful consequences in the Washington/Baltimore region. The Washington/Baltimore HIDTA will employ enhanced intelligence processes, greater operational coordination and prosecution to substantially reduce organized drug distribution, firearms trafficking, drug-related violent crime, money laundering, and the supply of, and the demand for, drugs in the region.

General Information:
Year of Designation: 1994
Geographic Area of Responsibility:
Maryland: Baltimore, Anne Arundel, Howard, Montgomery, Prince George's, Charles counties and Baltimore City
Virginia: Loudoun, Prince William, Arlington, Fairfax counties and City of Alexandria Washington, District of Columbia
Contact: (301) 489-1700

Threat Abstract:

The Washington/Baltimore High Intensity Drug Trafficking Area (HIDTA) has observed many encouraging signs regarding drug abuse and drug-related crime throughout much of the region. Violent crime - murders, robberies, rapes and aggravated assaults - has decreased across the board. There is, however, a need to maintain a continual vigilance as the nexus between drug abuse, drug trafficking and violent crime is well rooted in the cities and neighborhoods of this very diverse area. The 2001 HIDTA Drug Threat Assessment provides the consumer with a comprehensive view of the challenges confronting the region's residents and governments for the foreseeable future.

High purity and inexpensive heroin is readily available in many areas of the region. The heroin is generally imported from South America and arrives in the region via New York City. The numbers of heroin exhibits surpassed crack cocaine in Baltimore in 1998. DAWN heroin mentions in DC rose 21% from 1996 to 1997 (latest data). More arrestees tested positive for heroin at the DC jail intake than cocaine users in 1998.

Powder and crack cocaine continues to be widely available throughout the region. Use and overdose indicators, however, point to a decrease in its impact on the region. The presence of methamphetamine, while not a substantial threat at this time to the region, is increasing and must be closely monitored.

Marijuana is readily available throughout the region. Marijuana use is detected in more arrestees in Washington, DC than cocaine. Most marijuana is reportedly coming from the Southwest USA and much can be linked to commercial parcel services. While marijuana use indicators among juveniles has shown a decline, law enforcement officials remain concerned with juvenile involvement with the drug, especially in light of its relationship to other crimes.

Crime, in general, throughout the region is on the decline. The reductions in the numbers of violent crime are especially noteworthy: murder -2.1%, robberies -13%, rapes -3.3% and aggravated assault -4.0%. Significant numeric reductions are seen in Washington, D.C. with murders down 12.7%, robberies down 19.0% and aggravated assault 12.3%. However, drug-related violent crime and homicides remain a major concern to the citizens of the high-crime neighborhoods that are centers for drug abuse and distribution. Juvenile crime has leveled off and is on a slight decline. However, street gang involvement among juveniles is increasing.

Drug Trafficking Organizations (DTOs) still have significant impact on the region. The 269 HIDTA-identified DTOs continue to foster considerable violence, especially around their "open air drug markets" in inner city neighborhoods. New York City-based Dominican DTOs are prominently mentioned as having an ever-increasing role in supplying heroin and cocaine to DTOs in the HIDTA region. They are adept at sophisticated security and communications techniques along with efficient money laundering/movement schemes. Jamaican DTOs continue their marijuana distribution activities. They are well entrenched in the Baltimore area as well as the suburbs of Washington, DC. They are less violent than in the past.

Street gangs, often referred to as "crews" within Washington, DC, plague the neighborhoods within which they live and operate. They are also involved with criminal activities outside the District. Hispanic gangs are more involved with violence and drug distribution than observed in previous years.

Domestic drug movement into the region is widespread, using a range of modalities. The interstate highways continue to be the easiest way for distributors to obtain their drugs, especially from New York. The potential for maritime smuggling into the region remains a concern to law enforcement. The vulnerability of the Port of Baltimore with its huge quantities of cargo entering the United States bears watching.

Firearms' trafficking remains a substantial threat to the region. While the ATF has not encountered large numbers of organizations involved in the wholesale distribution of firearms, data from various sources shows that guns were readily available for illegal sales. HIDTA initiatives dismantled 33% more firearms trafficking organizations in 1998 than the previous year.

Drug money movement and laundering remain nearly unabated. There is a limited number of sophisticated money laundering enterprises operating in the region because the vast majority of drug distribution enterprises is accomplished through small, less-structured neighborhood groups. The identification and ultimate seizure of their assets are made more difficult due to the lack of use of traditional laundering methods.

Drug movement into the area by couriers and other methods involves all modes of transportation. The area's interstate highways, rail and bus systems, three major airports, international seaport, and the availability of priority and commercial mail combine to create a substantial challenge to interdiction initiatives.

The signs are positive as to drug distribution, drug abuse and violent crime. But, current and enhanced programs will be needed to sustain the progress.

Strategy Abstract:

The 2000 National Drug Control Strategy articulates the Nation's comprehensive ten year plan to combat the scourge of drug abuse, trafficking and drug-related crime, especially violent crime. The Washington / Baltimore HIDTA executes National Strategy Goal 2 Objective 2, "Improve the ability of High Intensity Drug Trafficking Areas (HIDTAs) to counter drug trafficking" through this strategy.

The Washington/Baltimore HIDTA initiatives support the HIDTA Objective's Targets and Measures by strengthening HIDTA participating agencies through enhanced support to multi-agency task forces (initiatives) combating drug trafficking, drug-related violence, money laundering and firearms distribution. In addition, the HIDTA promotes the disruption and dismantling of drug trafficking organizations, the apprehension of the illegal drug syndicate leaders, the dismantling of money laundering operations, and the seizure of criminal assets.

The HIDTA Treatment/Criminal Justice component seeks to break the cycle of drug abuse and crime through well-organized, criminal justice based treatment programs that incorporate graduated sanctions, drug testing and intensive supervision of offenders who are under correctional control. The focus of these initiatives is to reduce crime in targeted communities by exercising the control of the criminal justice system to change the drug habits of repeat offenders. They are vigorously promoting effective, efficient and accessible drug treatment systems throughout the region and beyond. Both the HIDTA enforcement and treatment/criminal justice elements are supported by a comprehensive evaluation component that provides management with timely assessments of the effectiveness of these efforts.

The Washington/Baltimore HIDTA Prevention Program targets "at risk" youth in danger of becoming drug abusers or who are at the threshold of criminal activity. The HIDTA prevention initiatives amalgamate the energies of teachers, community leaders, families, coalitions, governments and others to assist children with the development of positive, healthy lifestyles, while modeling behavior to be emulated. A comprehensive evaluation effort is an important element of each of these initiatives.

Investigative Support Center:

The Washington/Baltimore HIDTA Investigative Support Center (ISC) has three components: Information Center Initiative, Investigative Intelligence Initiative and Wire Transmitters Initiative. The ISC implements the HIDTA law enforcement objective: "to facilitate the flow of intelligence among participating law enforcement agencies and initiatives." The ISC provides state-of-the-art tactical, strategic and operational intelligence support to twenty-five investigative and two prosecution initiatives along with forty three HIDTA participating federal, state and local law enforcement agencies in the region. The Information Center Initiative is collocated with investigative initiatives at the Greenbelt, Maryland collocation site. The Investigative Intelligence Initiative and Wire Transmitters Initiative are collocated at the Washington, DC DEA collocated site with other HIDTA investigative initiatives.

Information Center Initiative—This initiative is the cornerstone of the HIDTA operational coordination process. The Information Center is comprised of two key elements—Watch Center and Strategic Analysis Unit. The Center's primary function is to facilitate the flow of intelligence among participating law enforcement agencies and HIDTA initiatives. The Center enhances law enforcement operations by actively collecting, analyzing and disseminating information on the patterns and practices of drug trafficking organizations as well as drug-related violent crime and money laundering.

The Watch Center utilizes multiple databases, including those of the participating agencies (e.g., NADDISX, WINS, TECSII, etc.), HIDTA SPIN (Suspect Pointer Index Network), and event deconfliction support systems. The Watch Center provides timely, tactical, pointer index case and operational support through a secure, intelligence process to federal, state and local investigators throughout the region. The Watch Center maintains an operational deconfliction system, which seeks to avoid hazardous encounters between enforcement personnel by making agencies aware of the actions being taken by their fellow agencies. The system continues to provide a region-wide officer-safety and operational coordination function to all subscribing agencies. The Watch Center had a 38% increase in the inquiries from 1998 to 1999 exceeding projected outputs by 28%. For the same period, Deconfliction events rose 26.2% exceeding projected outputs by 33%.

The Strategic Analysis Unit supports all HIDTA enforcement initiatives and participating agencies through organizational targeting, post seizure analysis and preparing special strategic reports on groups or emerging drug trends in the region as well as the annual Threat Assessment. Examples of special reports are the HIDTA Money Laundering Situation Report and the Northern Virginia Street Gang Situation report. Through the Maryland State Police-directed Hidden Traffickers Project, the Unit provides strategic targeting information on previously undetected drug trafficking subjects, groups and money launderers or those known traffickers not currently under investigation. They initiate intelligence cases transmitting numerous investigative leads to HIDTA initiatives, participating agencies and law enforcement throughout the United States. For 1999, the Strategic Analysis Unit exceeded projections in 18 separate outputs relating to the preparation of reports, assistance to outside agencies, special projects, and institution building. Of particular note was the initiation of more than 200 Hidden Traffickers Project intelligence investigations targeting unknown drug distributors and their organizations. The identification of nearly 200 drug trafficking organizations (DTOs) while managing the DTO Survey Process is also noteworthy.

Investigative Intelligence Unit Initiative—The HIDTA Investigative Intelligence Unit, provides operational intelligence support to investigations conducted by HIDTA Enforcement Initiatives or their agencies. It provides full case support, upon request, from initiation to prosecution. It utilizes state of the art data base management hardware and software to analyze case information. They use the data systems available through the Watch Center to enhance their case support. For 1999, the group exceeded its projected outputs by 300% in cases supported by participating in 40 new cases and continuing support to 66 ongoing investigations making a total of 106 ongoing investigations. All of the cases are complex conspiracy investigations, most of which involve the use of sophisticated telephone intercept equipment and court-authorized Title III intercepts. They have supported cases from all four HIDTA collocation sites. It is important to note that this initiative has steadily increased its case support from 22 in the first year of operation (1995) to the current figure of 106 with nearly the same analytical manpower.

Wire Transmitters Initiative—This initiative, supervised by the IRS, identifies individuals and/or organizations that utilize the services of non-bank transmitters as means to launder illegal narcotics proceeds. It also identifies non-bank wire transmitters that appear to be conspiring with individuals and/or organizations in an effort to circumvent currency-reporting requirements. This is a new initiative and can be expected to provide timely and actionable investigative leads to HIDTA initiatives and participating agencies.

Initiatives that were approved to implement the 2000 Washington/Baltimore HIDTA include:

Law Enforcement Initiatives:

  1. Weapons Enforcement Initiative—This initiative, supervised by ATF, investigates armed violent drug trafficking organizations in the Baltimore Metropolitan area utilizing the ATF Disarm Program as its targeting mechanism. The group interacts with all HIDTA initiatives in the tracking of weapons and the conduct of firearms-related investigations and violations.
  2. Violent Traffickers Initiative—This fully integrated initiative, supervised by DEA, investigates violent drug traffickers and violent drug trafficking organizations that impact on the Baltimore Metropolitan area. Members are actively involved with the Baltimore Police Department's Crime Reduction Initiative and participate in regular DEA/New York City intelligence exchange.
  3. Major Drug Traffickers Initiative—This federal, state and local initiative, supervised by DEA, is designed to reduce drug trafficking in the Baltimore Metropolitan area by focusing on major heroin and cocaine trafficking organizations and distributors. They regularly interact and conduct joint investigations with New York City agencies as well as with other agencies throughout the country.
  4. Prince George's County Cross Border Initiative—This inter-jurisdictional initiative, co-supervised by Prince George's County and District of Columbia Metropolitan Police Departments, targets the most violent neighborhoods on the border between the two jurisdictions. With DEA and US Marshals Service support, members target the most violent drug traffickers and their groups for immobilizations and provide sustained uniform presence to maintain control after arrests and seizures are made.
  5. Violent Crime Safe Streets Initiative—This initiative, supervised by the FBI, investigates major street gangs/drug trafficking organizations that pose a significant threat to the Baltimore Metropolitan area and its residents. It is employing an innovative undercover approach to identify major drug dealers through a focus on the distribution of drug paraphernalia.
  6. Southern Maryland Crack and Gang Initiative—This multi-agency task force, supervised by DEA, targets both violent and street-level / mid-level cocaine / crack organizations and youth gangs, operating in the southern Maryland area. The initiative coordinates its operations with those of other agencies in the region, principally from Prince George's and Montgomery Counties. The group utilizes an intelligence- supported targeting approach.
  7. Southern Maryland Drug Initiative—This multi-agency initiative, supervised by DEA, targets mid and upper-level drug distributors and organizations operating in Prince George's and Montgomery Counties with emphasis on cocaine HCL and crack cocaine. The initiative coordinates its operations with those of other agencies in the region.
  8. Charles County Joint Task Force—This initiative, led by Charles County Sheriff's Department, is designed to counter and reduce the increasing drug trafficking by organized groups in the Southern Maryland HIDTA region.
  9. Prince George's and Montgomery County Initiative—This multi-agency initiative, supervised by the Maryland State Police, conducts local and multi-jurisdictional investigations in the State of Maryland that target drug distributors and organizations that impact upon Prince George's and Montgomery Counties. The group attacks the drug organizations with all available legal actions, including financial investigations to destroy and/or impede the organization's operations.
  10. Caribbean Initiative—This FBI-led initiative is an investigative task force targeting the growing threat posed by New York City-based Dominican drug trafficking organizations and their Caribbean associates. They are concentrating their operations in the District of Columbia and the specific areas supplied by these groups. The Dominican groups are transporting high quality heroin, cocaine and crack to a number of street distribution groups in the region.
  11. DEA Cross Border Initiative—This initiative, supervised by DEA, targets violent street dealers of crack cocaine and heroin operating across the border between the District of Columbia and Prince George's County, Maryland. The group develops conspiracy investigations on drug trafficking organizations with special emphasis on those involved in violent crime. The group provides the basis for inter-jurisdictional operations with federal deputization for arrest, seizure and investigative authority.
  12. Street Terrorist Offender InitiativeDC—This initiative, supervised by ATF, conducts long and short term, complex investigations targeting street individuals having displayed a propensity for violence who distribute narcotics and firearms in public housing complexes in Washington, DC. In addition, it targets the US Attorney's Office Major Violator Program subjects, who continue to disrupt the quality of life for residents of neighborhoods where the suspects operate.
  13. Street Terrorist InitiativeVA—This initiative, supervised by ATF, conducts long term, complex investigations targeting street gangs and other drug trafficking organizations with particular emphasis on firearms violations and firearms-related violence. It targets outlaw motorcycle gangs and notorious youth street gangs that continue to disrupt the quality of life for residents of neighborhoods where they operate.
  14. Northern Virginia Drug Initiative—This initiative, supervised by DEA, targets mid and upper-level drug distributors and organizations operating in the Northern Virginia area with emphasis on cocaine HCL, heroin, crack cocaine and dangerous drugs. The initiative coordinates its operations with those of other agencies in the region, principally from Northern Virginia, focusing on sources of supply in the District of Columbia and Southern Maryland.
  15. Northern Virginia Regional Crack Initiative—This initiative, supervised by DEA, targets street-level / mid-level crack cocaine distribution organizations operating in Northern Virginia with an emphasis on gangs and violent crime. The initiative coordinates its operations with those of other agencies in the region, principally from Washington, DC and Prince George's County.
  16. Washington Area Gang Initiative—This initiative, supervised by the FBI, identifies criminal enterprises, based upon their common Italian, Russian or Asian ethnicity, who are engaged in drug trafficking and other criminal activities to disrupt and dismantle the organizations. The group uses sophisticated investigative techniques to immobilize these organizations. The initiative coordinates its operations with those of other agencies in the region, principally from Washington, DC and Prince George's County.
  17. Prince George's County Project Clean—This Prince George's County Police Department-led initiative is designed to reduce drug trafficking and violent crime by reducing the number of open air drug markets in the city. This non-collocated effort is focused on two primary target areas wrought with high incidents of drug distribution and violent crime. The two targeted areas are identified by the Prince George's County Police Department's Violent Crime Clearing House. It uses the review of violent crime reports to identify the impact areas, where the three phase operational plan will be implemented. They use regular meetings with community leaders and citizens to determine the effectiveness of their operations.
  18. Mass Transportation Initiative—This initiative, supervised by DEA, focuses its efforts on disrupting illicit drug smuggling couriers and organizations that affect the Baltimore Metropolitan area. Through operations at the bus station, rail stations and the Baltimore/ Washington International Airport, the group coordinates investigations and seizures with local and state agencies. The group also provides timely intelligence to surrounding jurisdictions on drug movement and current trends. The group supports the U.S. Customs Service on the investigation of outbound drug money movement as well as international smuggling cases.
  19. Southern Maryland Interdiction Initiative—This recently reorganized initiative, formerly the Southern Jamaican Initiative, is supervised by Prince George's County Police Department. The multi-agency task force targets violent drug trafficking organizations, using commercial and private transportation services to ship drugs into the area.
  20. Regional Drug Interdiction Initiative—This initiative, supervised by the DC Metropolitan Police Department, identifies and arrests individuals using bus and rail mass transportation facilities and conveyances to transport illegal drugs and/or weapons into and through the Washington, DC Metropolitan area.
  21. Delivery Systems Parcel Interdiction Initiative—This initiative, supervised by the Maryland State Police, conducts investigations involving the use of parcel/package delivery systems to smuggle drugs and drug proceeds.
  22. Regional Airport Drug Interdiction Initiative—This initiative, supervised by DEA, focuses its efforts toward disrupting illicit drug smuggling couriers and organizations that use Dulles and Ronald Reagan National Airports to move drugs into and through the Greater Washington, DC/Northern Virginia area.
  23. Drug Money Laundering Initiative—This U.S. Customs-led initiative is designed to reduce drug trafficking in the Maryland area by focusing drug organizations that participate in money laundering. The initiative uses the money laundering laws to prosecute persons and organizations that support the trafficking of drugs and seize their assets. This includes organizations that use stolen and counterfeit monies, credit cards postal money orders, wire transfers, money transmittal services and businesses to promote their illegal drug trade in Maryland. The initiative provides extensive financial investigative expertise to the collocated HIDTA investigative initiatives and participating agencies in the Baltimore area.
  24. Money Laundering Initiative—This Secret Service-directed initiative targets, investigates and dismantles core and secondary organizations engaged in the laundering of drug proceeds and the trafficking of drugs in or through the Northern Virginia/DC Metropolitan area. This initiative compliments and augments other HIDTA initiatives and participating agencies. It also uses the Watch Center extensively to enhance its targeting and investigative processes.
  25. HIDTA ProsecutorBaltimore—A collocated, Baltimore City Assistant State's Attorney, cross-designated by the District of Maryland U.S. Attorney's Office, provides prosecutorial support to HIDTA investigations for collocated initiatives in the Baltimore Metropolitan area.
  26. HIDTA ProsecutorVirginia—A collocated, Assistant Commonwealth's Attorney from Arlington County, cross-designated by the Eastern District of Virginia U.S. Attorney's Office provides prosecutorial support to HIDTA investigations for collocated initiatives in the Northern Virginia area.

    Treatment Initiatives:

  27. Baltimore County Initiative—This initiative combines treatment strategies and criminal sanctions in an effective, mutually supportive model. It aims to reduce criminal behavior, reduce substance abuse and improve the health and social functioning of hard-core substance abusing offenders.
  28. Baltimore City Initiative—This program seeks to improve treatment services offered to drug dependent, criminal justice offenders by having set practices related to a treatment delivery system within the Detention Center. Criminal justice agencies and treatment vendors provided treatment services to include: assessment; residential/halfway house; intermediate care facility; methadone; modified therapeutic community; intensive outpatient; and, outpatient.
  29. Howard County Initiative—The initiative provides a greater opportunity for HIDTA offenders to receive substance abuse treatment as part of their sentence and/or as a condition of probation. Specifically, offenders are court-ordered to treatment and receive a minimum of two levels of a continuum of care, to include primary treatment in jail, work release, and aftercare in the community.
  30. Prince George's County Initiative—The treatment initiative targets substance-abusing offenders for a milieu therapeutic approach coupled with graduated sanctions with a mission to provide a seamless continuum of care leading to reduced recidivism.
  31. Montgomery County Initiative—The initiative provides a continuum of community and jail based treatment services matching offenders to the appropriate level of treatment and criminal justice supervision. The project provides offenders' outpatient treatment, drug testing for offenders, and long-term residential treatment.
  32. Charles County Initiative—The initiative provides linkages between the jail and the Health Department through the establishment of an intensive jail-based program. Inmates received treatment services at the Charles County Detention Center while residing in specialized housing in a designated area, thus enhancing the continuum of care.
  33. Washington, DC Initiative—The initiative coordinates criminal justice and treatment efforts to reduce recidivism and substance abuse while increasing the social productivity of offenders. DC prioritizes the HIDTA eligible clients from the offender population through initiative-developed treatment placement protocols. Offenders receive comprehensive services, including assessment, drug treatment for HIDTA clients, drug testing for all hard-core offenders, and graduated sanctions for offenders under probation, parole, and pretrial supervision.
  34. Arlington County Initiative—The initiative provides treatment both in the Arlington County Detention Center and upon release. Services include jail-based case management, linkage, and/or placement for approximately 150 inmates. In addition, jail-based treatment (ACT Unit) is provided to 100 inmates and residential treatment is provided to 10-15 HIDTA clients.
  35. Fairfax-Falls Church Initiative—The project provides drug treatment that fills gaps in the existing continuum of services for criminally involved substance abusing offenders.
  36. Loudon County Initiative&#151;This initiative facilitates enhanced service delivery, increases monitoring, and strengthens the cooperative relationship between treatment and criminal justice components. The project developed and implemented an intensive outpatient treatment program for HIDTA clients.
  37. Prince William County Initiative—The project developed a review process by treatment and criminal justice agencies to prioritize offenders for treatment services. Services in the form of either jail-based or intensive outpatient treatment are provided to drug dependent offenders.
  38. City of Alexandria Initiative—The project seeks to expand the continuum of care in the substance abuse services system to drug abusing offenders involved in the criminal justice system. An intensive outpatient treatment program expressly for probationers had been developed.

    Prevention/Drug Demand Initiatives:

  39. Community Policing Prevention Program Initiative—The initiative, led by the Baltimore City Police Department, is designed to reduce drug trafficking, gang activity, drug use, criminal activity and violent crime in and around the open-air drug markets of the city. Those open-air drug markets catering to youthful users and offenders will be targeted with closed circuit camera systems, increased police patrols, managed through a sophisticated crime analysis process coordinated with community organizations and the schools.
  40. Montgomery County, Maryland Initiative—This initiative is largely a community development protocol with a strong component of community organization and mobilization founded upon the principles of community-oriented policing. This effort incorporates the development of a service corps for youthful residents, a community policing satellite station and other coalition-building components. The central focus of the HIDTA commitment is the development of a tenants' association focused on the service corps, GED classes, computer learning center counseling, mentoring, educational enhancement and a beautification program. The initiative met or exceeded its projected outputs in the past year.
  41. Prince William County, Virginia Initiative—This initiative provides family and parenting skills activities to adolescents and their parents. Youths are tracked by the juvenile court system and provided with integrated services through the criminal justice system, the detention center, the police department and the schools.

    Additional Initiatives:

  42. National HIDTA Information Unit—This initiative improves information sharing among the HIDTAs by facilitating the exchange of ideas and being a conduit of information; and assists ONDCP and the HIDTAs in educating a wide spectrum of people about the nature and scope of the HIDTA Program and answering a host of other inquires.
  43. Administration Initiatives—Each component of the Washington/Baltimore HIDTA—law enforcement, treatment, and prevention—has an administrative initiative to monitor and coordinate information and interact among the respective initiatives; and to provide management with information and results.

Outcomes:

Investigative Support Center

The HIDTA Information Center (typically referred to as the Investigative Support Center) provides enhanced, state-of-the-art drug and criminal intelligence support to all HIDTA initiatives and federal, state and local law enforcement agencies and prosecutors offices throughout the region. Prior to HIDTA, strategic intelligence in the region was non-existent. A priority of the Information Center Initiative is "institution building"—the assistance to HIDTA agencies in developing their intelligence components. The recent establishment of a Maryland prison system intelligence unit through the IC's strategic planning, management, analytical and data system's assistance exemplifies this priority. Since HIDTA's establishment, the centralized, secure and expeditious response to the needs of the field drug investigator has been immeasurably improved through the Watch Center and its numerous databases. The ability of field investigators to obtain an accelerated response from FinCEN has substantially improved the financial aspects of their investigations. HIDTA priorities have been adjusted through the recommendations in special reports to respond to threats posed by heroin abuse and distribution, maritime smuggling, money laundering/currency movement, open-air drug markets, Jamaican marijuana trafficking, etc. The Investigative Intelligence Initiative provides the most advanced case support in the region and probably the nation. It serves as the model for new and established HIDTA ISCs in terms of computerized analysis of huge volumes of telephone and financial data. It uses the latest software to provide investigators, managers, prosecutors and juries with graphic depiction of cases, timelines, associations, financial transactions, telephone calling data, etc. They have become the catalyst for the improvement of federal, state and, in particular, local law enforcement agencies efforts to improve their intelligence support elements.

The Wire Transmitters Initiative provides HIDTA initiative and participating agencies with valuable targeting intelligence that enables them to focus limited resources on those money launderers, businesses and functions that have the greatest adverse impact on the communities of the region supporting drug trafficking organizations and illegal firearms enterprises. This innovative analytical support fills a significant intelligence gap in the nation's capital and surrounding areas by regularly reviewing Suspicious Activity Reports (SARs) and other financial data.

Enforcement

The Washington/Baltimore HIDTA has been and will continue to be a regional catalyst for the interagency attack on drug trafficking, drug-related violent crime and money laundering. Through the HIDTA Executive Committee, federal, state and local enforcement priorities have been adjusted and resources marshaled to attack: wholesale marijuana distribution using commercial parcel services, maritime drug smuggling into the region, Dominican DTO drug distribution, escalating heroin distribution and usage, cross-border/inter-jurisdictional violent crime between the District of Columbia and Prince George's County, Maryland, money laundering/currency movement from and through the region and the interdiction of drugs and money into, through and from the region. HIDTA has been a leader in securing more than 15 grant funding sources to support law enforcement and prosecution operations throughout the region. HIDTA also provides administrative support to the aforementioned grants that total more than $6 million. HIDTA regularly hosts and coordinates contemporary law enforcement training in a wide variety of subjects from routine investigative procedures to more complex technical and computer training. HIDTA maintains a computer training facility to enhance the ability of all law enforcement operational and support personnel to meet the challenges of their agency missions and drug threat to the region.

Treatment/Criminal Justice

The HIDTA Treatment/Criminal Justice Program has substantially enhanced the region's ability to respond to the needs of those hard-core drug abusers/addicts by providing leadership in developing a comprehensive treatment regime that combines a continuum of care throughout pretrial, custodial and probationary periods (seamless system), and graduated sanctions levied on the user in a timely manner based upon violations of conditions of release. The program also has included substantial computer support with the development of HIDTA automated treatment system (HATS) software, networking HIDTA-provided computers throughout the region and providing coordination and oversight of the program in the "three state" (Maryland, District of Columbia and Virginia) area. HIDTA maintains and updates the computers, network and software in support of the program. The HIDTA program has reduced the recidivism rate among the 8,233 HIDTA clients from a national average in excess of 60% to 10-15% using the seamless continuum of care. It supports the drug screening of 100% of the annual number of 3,500 offenders in the program.

Prevention

The HIDTA Prevention Program has brought about substantial changes in the region's efforts to address youthful drug use and related criminal activity. The HIDTA initiatives, while modestly funded, combine youth, parents, school administrators, police, public agencies, community organizations and a comprehensive evaluation component. Thus far the initiatives have substantially reduced absenteeism and criminal conduct, improved grade point averages and increased parental involvement among the 300 program participants. The evaluation process has used the program participants to compare with non-program 300 youth showing remarkable results in all categories.

Participating Agencies:

Federal: Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, and Firearms, Drug Enforcement Administration, Federal Bureau of Investigation, Federal Protective Service, United States Department of Housing & Urban Development - IG, Immigration and Naturalization Service, Internal Revenue Service, Naval Criminal Investigative Service, United States Customs Service, United States Coast Guard Criminal Investigative Service, United States Marshals Service, United States Park Police, United States Postal Inspectors, United States Secret Service, United States Attorney's Offices (District of Maryland, District of Columbia and Eastern District of Virginia), United States Department of State, Department of Defense Joint Task Force Six, United States Probation Office (Maryland), United States Court Pretrial Services and United States Reserve Center (Baltimore)

State: Maryland Capital Park Police, Maryland National Guard, Maryland Natural Resources Police, Maryland State Police, Maryland Transportation Authority Police, University of Maryland, University of Maryland Police Department (College Park), Virginia National Guard, Virginia State Police

Local: Alexandria Police Department, Annapolis Police Department, Anne Arundel County Police Department, Arlington County Commonwealth's Attorney, Arlington County Department of Human Services, Arlington County District 10 Probation and Parole Office, Arlington County Police Department, Baltimore Circuit Court, Baltimore City Alcohol and Drug Abuse Administration, Baltimore City Detention Center, Baltimore City Health Department, Baltimore City Housing Authority, Baltimore Police Department, Baltimore City Probation and Parole Agency, Baltimore City States Attorney's Office, Baltimore County Bureau of Corrections, Baltimore County Circuit Court, Baltimore County Department of Health - Bureau of Substance Abuse, Baltimore County District Court, Baltimore County Division of Parole and Probation, Baltimore County Police Department, Baltimore Fire Department, Baltimore Public Schools, Charles County Department of Parole and Probation, Charles County Detention Center, Charles County Health Department, Charles County Mental Health Authority, Charles County Sheriff's Department, Corrections and Rehabilitation, District of Columbia Department of Corrections, District of Columbia Metropolitan Police Department, District of Columbia National Guard, Fairfax County Alcohol and Drug Services, Fairfax County Circuit Court, Fairfax County Department of Corrections, Fairfax County Police Department, Fairfax County Probation and Parole, Fairfax County Sheriff's Department, Falls Church Police Department, Fauquier County Police Department, Fauquier County Sheriff's Department, Greenbelt Police Department, Howard County Circuit Court, Howard County City Attorney's Office, Howard County Department of Probation and Parole, Howard County Detention Center, Howard County District Court, Howard County Health Department Addictions Services, Howard County Police Department, Laurel Police Department, Loudoun County Circuit Court, Loudoun County Community Services Board, Loudoun County District 25 Probation and Parole, Loudoun County Sheriff's Department, Manassas City Schools - Metz Junior High School, Manassas Detention Center, Manassas Police Department, Montgomery County Adult Mental Health and Substance Abuse Service, Montgomery County Alcohol and Drug Abuse Administration - Department of Health and Human Services, Montgomery County Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation, Montgomery County Department of Recreation, Montgomery County Division of Parole and Probation, Montgomery County Housing Opportunities Commission, Montgomery County Police Department, Montgomery County Public Libraries, Montgomery County Public Schools, Montgomery County States Attorney's Office, Mt. Rainier Police Department, Prince George's County Department of Corrections, Prince George's County Division of Parole and Probation, Prince George's County Health Department, Prince George's County Police Department, Prince George's County Public Defenders Office, Prince George's County States Attorney's Office, Prince William County Circuit Court, Prince William County Community Services Board, Prince William County District 35 Probation and Parole, Prince William County District Court, Prince William County Juvenile Court Services, Prince William County Office of Criminal Justice Services, Prince William County Police Department, Prince William County Social Services, Prince William - Manassas Regional Adult Detention Center, Vienna Police Department, Washington DC Addiction, Prevention and Recovery Administration and Washington DC Court Services and Offender Supervision Agency

Other: Amtrak Police, Back to Basics Inc., Carroll Avenue Apartments, Carroll Avenue Quebec Terrace Community Center, Jude House, Long Branch Neighborhood Initiative, Maryland Treatment Centers, Metropolitan Washington Airport Authority Police, National Career Academy Coalition, Outpatient Addictions Contract Network, Second Genesis, Silver Spring Team for Children and Families, Silver Spring YMCA Youth Services, St. Camillus Church, The Columbus Center, The Living Classroom, Voices vs.

Information is provided by the Washington/Baltimore HIDTA.

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