ONDCP Seal
PolicyPolicy
IV. Agency Budget Summaries

DRUG ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION


  1. RESOURCE SUMMARY

  2. METHODOLOGY

    • All of the Drug Enforcement Administration's (DEA's) resources are 100 percent drug-related.

  3. PROGRAM SUMMARY

    • DEA is the lead Federal agency for the enforcement of narcotics and controlled substance laws and regulations. The agency's priority mission is the long-term immobilization of major drug trafficking organizations through the removal of their leaders, termination of their trafficking networks and seizure of their assets.

    • The DEA program provides support to three goals of the National Drug Control Strategy

      • Goal 1 Educate and enable America's youth to reject illegal drugs as well as the use of alcohol and tobacco;

      • Goal 2 Increase the safety of America's citizens by substantially reducing drug-related crime and violence; and

      • Goal 5 Break foreign and domestic sources of supply.

    • DEA, in its unique capacity as the world's leading drug law enforcement agency, pursues organizations and individuals responsible for the production and distribution of illegal drugs worldwide. DEA's legal mandate and professional responsibilities provide clear, concise, and dynamic leadership in the national and international drug control effort. DEA uses both traditional and innovative drug control approaches to accomplish its single mission of drug law enforcement. Domestically, the agency cooperates and coordinates with other federal agencies and countless state and local law enforcement organizations to reduce the availability of illegal drugs. Internationally, DEA conducts investigations and liaisons with drug law enforcement officials worldwide. DEA gains support from the host nations for drug control and strengthens their enforcement efforts and capabilities.

    • Three major goals drive DEA's resource requirements. These goals address intelligence, enforcement, and law enforcement assistance:

      • Identify the major drug threats and define the criminal activities of drug organizations and gangs that threaten Americans most, and support the intelligence needs of U.S. law enforcement managers and policy makers.

      • Disrupt/dismantle the leadership, command, control and infrastructure of drug syndicates, gangs and traffickers of licit and illicit drugs that threaten Americans and American interest.

      • Provide assistance to American communities to fight drug-related crime and violence.

  4. BUDGET SUMMARY

    1998 Program

    • DEA's total FY 1998 direct appropriated resources include $1,200 million and 7,047 FTEs. FY 1998 direct appropriated resources by Strategy goal are highlighted below.

    Goal 1: Educate and enable America's youth to reject illegal drugs as well as the use of alcohol and tobacco.

    • In FY 1998, DEA will spend $3.3 million for demand reduction programs which provides leadership, coordination, and resources for drug prevention and education in each of DEA's 21 domestic field divisions. These programs are operated by 22 special agents, known as Demand Reduction Coordinators, who have a broad range of experience in dealing with law enforcement, community groups, young people, employers, educators, health care professionals, and others.

    • The priorities for this program include: Anti-Legalization Education; Training for Law Enforcement Personnel; Youth Programs; Support for Community-Based Coalitions; and, Sports Drug Awareness Programs.

    Goal 2: Increase the safety of America's citizens by substantially reducing drug-related crime and violence.

    • The FY 1998 program will provide $181.8 million for programs that support Goal 2 of the National Drug Control Strategy. Activities to be funded in FY 1998 include:

      • State and Local Assistance: provides a diverse, creative, and all-encompassing federal response to the multi-faceted and complex drug problem to state and local law enforcement agencies. State and local assistance expands the work force under DEA's supervision; provides state and local officers with special equipment and conveyances when needed for DEA undercover operations; contributes substantial intelligence to DEA's databases; and achieves enhanced cooperation with local banks, thus improving DEA's ability to obtain emergency flash rolls and temporary storage of funds.

      • Mobile Enforcement Teams (METs): provides a supportive role in investigations that are targeted by state and local agencies based on their own local priorities. The mission of the METs is to dismantle drug organizations by securing the conviction and incarceration of those individuals dealing drugs and causing violence in these communities. DEA's METs are specifically designed to deal with the most violent and dangerous elements of drug trafficking -- organized violent drug trafficking organizations.

    Goal 5: Break foreign and domestic drug sources of supply.

    • DEA's FY 1998 program will include $1,014.9 million to support Goal 5 activities. Following are some of the law enforcement activities to be funded in FY 1998:

      • Domestic Cannabis Eradication/Suppression Program: provides a federal, state, and local response for identifying, and destroying marijuana production sites situated throughout the United States.

      • Domestic Enforcement Program: includes the investigative operations of DEA's 21 field divisions and the operational coordination functions located at DEA Headquarters. The program employs the bulk of DEA's special agents and uses a variety of sophisticated investigative tools. They rely on information obtained from informants, internal intelligence sources, as well as the input of other federal, state, and local law enforcement organizations. The program's financial investigations identify and trace assets subject to seizure and forfeiture which leads to the destruction of the economic bases supporting drug trafficking enterprises.

      • Research, Engineering and Technical Operations: provides new technology and scientific support to the operational elements of DEA; enhancing technical equipment, aircraft, and personnel resources to improve investigative capabilities and personnel safety; and improving the speed, mobility, vantage, and maneuverability qualities unique to aircraft operations.

      • Foreign Cooperative Investigations Program (FCIP): advises, assists, and encourages foreign governments to develop effective drug control strategies. DEA also works with foreign governments and law enforcement agencies to investigate international trafficking organizations and chemical diversion and drug money laundering activities; and participates in bilateral and multilateral drug suppression programs. DEA's FCIP now includes resources for foreign Special Enforcement Operations/ Programs (SEO/P), including OPBAT and the Northern Border Response Force (NBRF).

      • Intelligence: is comprised of four components: financial, operational, strategic, and the El Paso Intelligence Center (EPIC). The Intelligence Program also provides leadership in the National Drug Intelligence Center (NDIC). The Financial Intelligence program focuses on fiscal aspects of the drug trade by identifying the development of financial conspiracy. DEA's Operational Intelligence program gathers, organizes, and analyzes information to support active drug investigations. The Strategic Intelligence program produces comprehensive assessments and reports of drug trafficking patterns, availability levels, and consumption rates and averages. The National Drug Intelligence Center is a DOJ multi-agency facility with participation from a host of federal agencies, that provide comprehensive analyses of drug trafficking and trafficking organizations. It should be noted that this program supports both Goal 2 and Goal 5 activities.

      • Drug and Chemical Diversion Control: directs DEA's worldwide drug and chemical diversion control activities which include diversion investigations, domestic and international diversion control, registration, voluntary compliance, state assistance, industry liaison and associated support programs.

    • In addition, DEA anticipates receiving $96.6 million in reimbursable funding for its OCDETF activities.

    1999 Request

    • The FY 1999 budget for DEA includes a request of $1,255 million and 7,587 FTEs, an increase of $55 million over FY 1998 levels. The following provides a breakdown of the FY 1999 request by Strategy goal.

    Goal 1: Educate and enable America's youth to reject illegal drugs as well as the use of alcohol and tobacco.

    • The total request for goal 1 activities for FY 1999 is $3.4 million, an increase of $0.1 million over the FY 1998 level. This increase covers projected program costs increases but does not provide for any new program enhancements in FY 1999.

    Goal 2: Increase the safety of America's citizens by substantially reducing drug-related crime and violence.

    • The FY 1999 request for Goal 2 totals $188.1 million, an increase of $6.3 million over the FY 1998 level. This increase covers the projected costs of the current program and does not include any program enhancements.

    Goal 5: Break foreign and domestic drug sources of supply.

    • The FY 1999 request for Goal 5 totals $1,063.5 million, a net increase of $48.6 million over the FY 1998 level. The net increase includes program enhancements of $61.8 million offset by base adjustments of $13.2 million. Some of the key program enhancements include:

      • Methamphetamine Initiative: $24.5 million and 223 positions (including 100 special agents) to fund a comprehensive approach for attacking methamphetamine abuse, a deadly and rapidly growing epidemic. Implementation of this initiative includes: $13.7 million and 156 positions (100 agents) for increased enforcement to target methamphetamine trafficking organizations; $5.3 million and 67 positions (50 diversion investigators) to increase chemical diversion investigations; $1 million to purchase clandestine laboratory trucks; $0.4 million to establish a National Clandestine Laboratory Database, and $4.1 million for hazardous waste cleanup of clandestine laboratory sites.

      • Domestic Heroin Initiative: $12.9 million and 148 positions (including 95 special agents) to continue implementing a five-year heroin initiative that targets heroin trafficking within the United States. The key objective is to reduce the domestic availability and the purity of heroin. The resources requested in this enhancement would allow DEA to establish 8 additional heroin enforcement groups (12 agents per group) with the necessary support staff.

      • Caribbean Corridor Strategy: $9.8 million and 90 positions (including 54 special agents) to continue implementation of the Caribbean Corridor Strategy by strengthening DEA's capability to deter the flow of drugs transiting Puerto Rico and the 26 island nations. This includes the establishment of a new country office in Trinidad - Tobago, and expanding several foreign offices in the Caribbean including: Barbados, Curaco, Jamaica, Haiti, and the Domican Republic.

      • Asian Heroin Trafficking: $2 million and 7 positions (including 5 special agents) to open new country offices in Hanoi, Vietnam, and Tashkent, Uzbekistan, and expand agent staffing at the Manila Country Office in the Phillippines.

      • Mexican Initiative: $1.4 million to strengthen law enforcement activities in Mexico. The primary purpose is to determine specifically how cocaine and heroin originating from Colombia, Bolivia, and Peru transits Mexico, and how Mexican drug trafficking groups control cocaine smuggling.

    • In addition, DEA anticipates receiving $99.6 million in reimbursable funding for its OCDETF activities.

  5. PROGRAM ACCOMPLISHMENTS

    OPERATION META

    • The first multi-district wiretap investigation that targeted a significant U.S. methamphetamine trafficking organization. Further, the domestic organization has identifiable links to the Amezcua-Contreras organization in Mexico, which is believed to supply the Operation Meta targets not only with methamphetamine and precursor chemicals but also some of their cocaine. This OCDETF investigation, which is part of the Southwest Border Initiative, involves a coordinated effort by DEA, FBI, USCS, IRS, and USMS along with various state and local law enforcement agencies.

    • To date, this investigation has led to the seizure of 1,100 kilograms of cocaine, 133 pounds of methamphetamine, 1,676 pounds of marijuana, 50 grams of heroin, $2,265,208 in suspected drug profits, and 12 weapons. One-hundred three state and local arrests have occurred as part of this investigation. Additionally, three clandestine laboratories have been seized in California as part of this investigation.

    MOBILE ENFORCEMENT TEAM (MET) DEPLOYMENTS

    • National City, California -- a MET was requested to address the problem of increasing violent criminal activity associated with members of the "Old Town National City" (OTNC) gang. The primary drugs distributed in the National City area are methamphetamine and heroin. At the conclusion of the deployment, 41 individuals were arrested including 14 "OTNC" targeted gang members and associates. This deployment effectively dismantled the notorious "OTNC" gang and revealed a connection between the "OTNC" and the Mexican mafia. A total of 17 heroin, 35 methamphetamine and three cocaine purchases were made during the deployment. Additionally, the MET teamed up with state officials to develop a strategy to close down three bar/restaurants utilized by gang members for drug trafficking purposes.

    • Marietta, Georgia -- a MET was requested to assist in dismantling specific drug organizations responsible for drug distribution and related violence in the local neighborhood. Two of the biggest crack cocaine dealers in Marietta were arrested. A total of 47 arrests were made and seizures included: 42 pounds of marijuana, 3 pounds of methamphetamine, 4 weapons, $5,000 in jewelry, $61,650 in US currency, and seven residences valued at $906,500.

    OPERATION RECIPROCITY AND LIMELIGHT

    • Two significant cases in 1997, Operation Reciprocity and Operation Limelight, graphically illustrate how international organized criminal drug syndicates carry out their work within the United States. Both of these cases clearly demonstrated the nexus between high level traffickers headquartered in Mexico, in this case, the Amado Carillo Fuentes organization, and his organizations located in numerous U.S. cities. The Amado Carillo Fuentes organization was deeply involved in a sophisticated drug operation that stretched from Mexico to New York, Chicago, Grand Rapids, Michigan, Tucson and other areas of the United States. At one point, several independent and non-connected investigations were being conducted in Texas, Arizona, Illinois, Michigan and New York. Eventually these separate cases were combined into the umbrella investigation which is now known as Reciprocity/Limelight.

    • Operation Reciprocity resulted in 40 arrests, the seizure of $11 million in cash, 7.4 tons of cocaine and 2,700 pounds of marijuana. Operation Limelight resulted in the seizure of over 4,000 kilos of cocaine, almost 11,000 pounds of marijuana and over $7 million in cash, and the arrest of 48 people.