The following statistics are derived from "Juvenile Offender and Victims: A Focus on Violence," May 1995, by Howard N. Snyder and Melissa Sickmund, National Center for Juvenile Justice, Pittsburgh, PA and Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, Washington, D.C.

Between 1988 and 1992, juvenile arrests for violent crime increased nearly 50 percent. (Page iv)

In 1991, the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) found that victims age 12 and older reported that the offender was a juvenile (under age 18) in approximately 28 percent of personal crimes (i.e. rape, personal robbery, aggravated and simple assault, and theft from a person). (Page 1)

In 1991, juveniles were responsible for 19 percent of all violent crimes (i.e., rape, personal robbery, and aggravated and simple assault). (Page 1)

Persons most likely to be victimized by juveniles were individuals between ages 12 and 19 (NOTE: Crimes against children below age 12 are not a part of NCVS). The offender was a juvenile in nearly half of these violent crimes. (Page 1)

Law enforcement agencies made nearly 2.3 million arrests of persons under age 18 in 1992. (Page 2)

In 1992, juveniles accounted for 13 percent of all violent crimes reported to law enforcement agencies and 18 percent of all violent crime arrests. Based on 1992 clearance data, juveniles were responsible for: 9 percent of murders; 12 percent of aggravated assaults; 14 percent of forcible rapes; 16 percent of robberies; 20 percent of burglaries; 23 percent of larceny-thefts; 24 percent of motor vehicle thefts; and 42 percent of arsons. (Page 3)

The years between 1988 and 1991 saw a 38 percent increase in the rate of juvenile arrests for violent crimes. (Page 6)

The number of violent juvenile crime arrests is projected to increase 22 percent between 1992 and 2010. If current trends continue, by the years 2010 the number of juvenile arrests for murder is expected to increase 145 percent over the 1992 level; for forcible rape, 66 percent; and for robbery, 58 percent. (Page 7)

Between 1987 and 1991, the risk that a person between the ages of 12 and 17 would become a victim of a nonfatal violent crime increased 17 percent. (Page 17)

Black juveniles are four times more likely than white juveniles to be homicide victims...Young black males have the highest homicide victimization rate of any race/sex group. The rate for black males was twice that of black females, five times that of white males, and eight times that of white females. (Page 19)

When juveniles commit homicide, most of their victims are friends or acquaintances (53 percent). Thirty-two percent of juvenile murder victims are strangers, and 15 percent are family members. (Page 24)

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