In 30 percent of violent crime victimizations in 1992, victims reported that they believed their assailants were under the influence of drugs or alcohol. In half of violent crime victimizations, the victim did not know whether the offender was under the influence. (Bureau of Justice Statistics, 1995, "Drugs and Crime Facts, 1994," page 4, U.S. Department of Justice, Washington, D.C.)

In 1991, 49 percent of all state prison inmates reported that they were under the influence of drugs or alcohol or both at the time they committed the offense for which they were currently sentenced: 17 percent were under the influence of drugs only, and 14 percent were under the influence of drugs and alcohol. Half of the state prisoners said they had taken illegal drugs during the month before committing the crime. (Ibid., page 6).

Nearly 40 percent of the youth incarcerated in long-term, state-operated facilities in 1987 said they were under the influence of drugs at the time of their offense. (Ibid., page 6)

Almost 83 percent of youth in long-term, state operated juvenile facilities in 1987 reported use of an illegal drug in the past, and 63 percent had used an illegal drug on a regular basis. The most commonly mentioned drugs were marijuana, cocaine, and amphetamines. (Ibid., page 7)

Overall, ten percent of Federal prison inmates in 1991, 17 percent of state prison inmates in 1991, and 13 percent of convicted jail inmates in 1989 said they committed their offense to obtain money for drugs. (Ibid., page 8)

The National Pretrial Reporting Program found that in 1992, of all released defendants rearrested for a drug offense, 59 percent were once again granted pretrial release. (Ibid., page 16)

The number of suspects prosecuted for Federal drug offenses increased from 7,697 in 1981 to 25,663 in 1991. (Ibid., page 18)

In 1993, the Drug Use Forecasting Report on Drug Use Among Juvenile Arrestees/Detainees found the percent positive for marijuana ranged from 14 to 51 percent, with a median value of 26 percent; in 1992, the range was from 5 to 38 percent with a median of 16.5 percent (an almost ten percent increase in the median). (National Institute of Justice, 1994, "1993 Annual Report on Juvenile Arrestees/Detainees: Drugs and Crime in America's Cities," page 3, U.S. Department of Justice, Washington, D.C.)

Ninety percent of 12th graders have friends who use alcohol; 63 percent know someone who has a drinking problem; and 26 percent have friends who use LSD, cocaine or heroin. (Luntz Research Companies, 1995, "National Survey of American Attitudes on Substance Abuse," Center on Addiction and Substance Abuse at Columbia University, New York, NY)

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