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Rape and Sexual Assault

Rapes reported to law enforcement in 2001 totaled 90,491 incidents. In 44.3 percent of the reported cases, at least one person was arrested and charged. (Federal Bureau of Investigation. October 2002. Crime in the United States, Uniform Crime Reports 2001. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice.)

Twenty-seven thousand two hundred and seventy people (27,270) were arrested and charged for rape in the United States in 2001. (Ibid.)

There were 1.1 rapes or sexual assaults among persons 12 or older per 1,000 people in 2001. In 66 percent of these victimizations, the offender was an intimate, another relative, a friend or an acquaintance of the victim. (Bureau of Justice Statistics. 2002. Criminal Victimization 2001. Changes 2000-01 with Trends 1993-2001. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice.)

There were an estimated 248,000 rapes, attempted rapes and sexual assaults in 2001 according to the National Crime Victimization Survey. (Ibid.)

An annual average of 140,990 completed rapes, 109,230 attempted rapes, and 152,680 completed and attempted sexual assaults were committed against persons age 12 or older in the United States between the years 1992 and 2000. (Bureau of Justice Statistics. 2002. Rape and Sexual Assault: Reporting to Police and Medical Attention, 1992-2000. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice.)

Ninety-four percent of all completed rapes, 91 percent of all attempted rapes, and 89 percent of all completed and attempted sexual assaults between 1992 and 2000 were against female victims aged 12 or older. (Ibid.)

Only 36 percent of completed rapes were reported to the police during the years 1992 to 2000. Thirty-four percent of the attempted rapes, and 26 percent of the completed and attempted sexual assaults were reported. (Ibid.)

All rapes, 39 percent of attempted rapes, and 17 percent of sexual assaults against females resulted in injured victims during the period surveyed between1992 to 2000. When rapes were reported to the police, victims were treated for their injuries in 59 percent of the cases. When the rapes went unreported, only 17 percent of the victims received medical treatment for their injuries. (Ibid.)

A recently published eight-year study indicates that when perpetrators of rape are current or former husbands or boyfriends, the crimes go unreported to the police 77 percent of the time. When the perpetrators are friends or acquaintances, the rapes go unreported 61 percent of the time; and when the perpetrators are strangers, the rapes go unreported 54 percent of the time. (Ibid.)

Five percent of all middle schools and 8 percent of all high schools reported at least one crime of rape or sexual battery to law enforcement in the 1996-1997 school year. (Bureau of Justice Statistics. November 2002. Indicators of School Crime and Safety: 2002. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice.)

The results of several surveys conducted since 1994 on rape and sexual assault inside of prisons indicate that conservatively speaking, one in 10 of all male prisoners in United States correctional systems have been raped, sexually assaulted, or coerced into sexual activity by other inmates. (Human Rights Watch. April 2001. No Escape, Male Rape in U.S. Prisons. New York.)

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National Crime Victims' Rights Week: Fulfill the Promise April 6–12, 2003
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