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Eight percent of women and two percent of men in the United States have been stalked in their lifetime. Seventy-eight percent of stalking victims are female and 87 percent of stalking perpetrators are male. The average duration of stalking behavior lasts 1.8 years. (National Institute of Justice. 1998. Stalking in America: Findings From the National Violence Against Women Survey. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice.)

Only about 12 percent of all stalking cases are prosecuted. (Ibid.)

Current or former intimate partners stalk approximately 503,485 women and 185,496 men in the United States annually. (National Institute of Justice. 2000. Extent, Nature and Consequences of Intimate Partner Violence. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice.)

Strangers are the perpetrators in 23 percent of female stalking incidents. Current or former husbands are the perpetrators 38 percent of the time; current or former cohabiting partners are the perpetrators 10 percent of the time; and current or former boyfriends are the perpetrators 14 percent of the time. (National Institute of Justice. Violence Against Women Office. 2001. "Stalking and Domestic Violence." The Third Report to Congress under the Violence Against Women Act. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice.)

In the National Violence Against Women Survey (NVAW), 81 percent of women stalked by current or former intimate partners were also physically assaulted by the same partners, and 31% were also sexually assaulted. (Ibid.)

Intimate partners that stalk are four times more likely than intimate partners in the general population to physically assault their victims and six times more likely to sexually assault their victims. (Ibid)

The Los Angeles Stalking and Threat Assessment Unit recently reported that threatening email and other electronic communications are factors in 20 percent of the stalking cases referred to their office. (Ibid)

Seventy-five percent of intimate partner femicides reviewed in a recent study were preceded by one or more incidents of stalking within a year of the crime. (McFarlane, J., Campbell, J., Wilts, S., et. al. 1999. "Stalking and intimate partner femicide." Homicide Studies. 3[4].)

A recent survey of college women indicates that the incidence rate of stalking on campuses is far higher than previous surveys indicate. Stalking behavior, defined as obsessive behavior that causes the victim to fear for her safety, occurred at rates as high as 156.5 per 1000 female students or 13.1 percent of female students on college campuses. (National Institute of Justice. 2000. The Sexual Victimization of College Women. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Justice.)

Female stalking victims on college campuses reported that they were stalked two to six times a week. The duration of the stalking was an average of 60 days. (Ibid.)

The most common consequence of the stalking of college women was psychological harm and emotional injury. Fifteen percent of the time, the stalker threatened or attempted to harm the victim and 10 percent of the time, the stalker forced or attempted sexual contact. (Ibid.)

Three of the correlating factors that increase the risk of a female being stalked on a college campus are spending time in bars; living alone; and being in the early phase of a dating relationship, as opposed to being married or living with an intimate partner. (Ibid.)

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National Crime Victims' Rights Week: Fulfill the Promise April 6–12, 2003
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