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Directory of International Crime Victim Compensation Programs 2004 - 2005
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Finland has a crime victim compensation program to provide financial compensation for victims of violent or personal crime.

Eligibility Requirements

Report to police. Yes; no time limit.

Filing period. Within 10 years of the date of the crime; exceptions are made.

Foreign citizen eligibility. Citizens of foreign countries are eligible for compensation.


Victims of violent or personal crime
Dependents of victims of crime
Residents of Finland victimized in a foreign country


A crime victim may obtain an application from the state treasury, the police, or the local offices of the Social Insurance Institution. Abroad, applications are normally available at embassies and consulates of Finland. The application should be sent either directly to the state treasury or to any local office of the Social Insurance Institution. The following should be appended to the application: a copy of the court decision or a copy of the pretrial investigation report of the police if the offender has not been ascertained or if the matter has not been handled by the court for another reason, and the amount of all damages sought. If the matter is handled in court, the victim shall claim compensation from the offender. It will take 6 months, on average, for a victim to receive notification of the program's decision. Compensation is paid immediately after the decision is made.

Benefits and Award Limits

The maximum awards are personal injury, EUR51,000; property damage, EUR25,500; and person close to the deceased, EUR3,700.

Compensable costs

Medical expenses
Pain and suffering
Lost wages for invalidity or other permanent handicaps, as well as permanent cosmetic damage
Lost support for dependents of homicide victims
Reasonable funeral expenses
Any clothing or articles for daily use, such as eye glasses and dental plates, damaged by the crime
Litigation expenses to recover compensation from the offender
Transportation costs to and from the hospital

Emergency awards. The program does not offer emergency compensation. However, the Act on Compensation for Crime Damage obliges the state treasury to pay advance compensation where the applicant's right to compensation is evident and the decision is delayed.

Funding sources. The program is funded by the state.

Contact Information

Valtiokonttori/Victim Compensation Program, P.O. Box 68, 00531 Helsinki, Finland
Telephone: 358-9-772 5736
Fax: 358-9-772 58 556
E-mail: www.valtiokonttori.fi
Internet: www.valtiokonttori.fi (in Finnish and English)

Languages used—
• On application forms: Finnish, English
• In correspondence: English
• By telephone: English

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