Figure 1

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs


Source: Adapted from Maslow (1970).

Figure 2

Individual Safety Needs Versus Individual Wealth


Figure 3

Size and Shape of Economic Surplus During the Agricultural, Industrial and Informational Eras


Source: Adapted from Lenski et al., 1991.

Figure 4

Number of Police Personnel, Canada
1971, 1981 and 1991


Source: Statistics Canada, Cat. 85-002 Vol. 14 No. 10.

Figure 5

The Spectrum of Policing

DATE10,000 B.C.E. - 1750 AD.1750 -19501950 - Present
SOCIAL FORMAgriculturalIndustrialInformational
POLICE FORMVigilantePublicPrivate

Figure 6

Economic Resources Versus Safety Needs and Police Form


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Washington, D.C.