POLICING IN CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPE: Comparing Firsthand Knowledge with Experience from the West,
© 1996 College of Police and Security Studies, Slovenia


Valeri Mikhailovich Morozov
Vladimir Anatolyevich Sergevnin

In the past few years, despite a few contradictions, there has been a considerable rate of political, economic and structural rapprochement between European countries. But from the afore mentioned processes, in my opinion, the unification of the European police organizations are falling behind. Although the consolidation of these organizations should outstrip those of the criminal element, it is in fact the criminal organizations who are in the lead of international unification. And to this challenge we must gibe an adequate answer. We should also keep in mind the scope of international crime in Europe is increasing. Some examples of this are the narcotics trade, international arms dealing, terrorism, and illegal emigration. Armed conflicts on the continent also aggravate the situation. The considerable military reductions taking place in many countries along with the weakening of social programs is lending itself to an ideal environment for the growth of crime. The growth of general tension in Europe is also furthered by certain nationalistic leaders, both social and political. The social problems in a majority of Central and Eastern European countries are not conductive to the improvement of the criminal situation in those regions.

The afore mentioned signals that there is a new situation in Central and Eastern Europe that demands the acceptance of new corresponding measures on the part of the police. The international nature of the criminal world calls for the unification of law enforcement organizations, beginning with their training. It would be unfair to say that the European police departments have done little in this direction. Practically all countries have joined INTERPOL, and the activation of interrelations of governments in the frame of program of the U. N. in prevention of crime and criminal justice expansion of cooperation activity to the problem of law enforcement activities under the aegis of Council of Europe including the sphere of police training, and contracts about international cooperation have been signed. An Eastern European police academy has been created. Direct links between special educational institutions have been established. And the regular establishment of conferences for senior instructors, just to name a few.

The system of training the personnel of the Department of Internal Affairs in Russia can favor the integration of the police education in Europe. The most capable system today in the former USSR is represented by the Academy of the MDV: 29 higher education police

universities; 15 mid-level institutions of colleges, 136 training centers of police academies. The main process in this system today is the reforms necessitated by the growth of crime, and the dissatisfaction of the public with the activities of the Militia The public dissatisfaction with the Militia is due to three reasons: the lack of professionalism, the lack of coordination with the population and the high turn over rate of the Militiamen.

The discussion about the problem of reforming the training of personnel shows the main direction- the strengthening of professional training on the basis of development of humanitarian aspect in the frame of juridical and special training. The essence of this new approach lies in the training of such personnel that would provide the coordination of a citizen and the State on the basis of social partnership.

The goal of the reform lies in raising the quality of training and increasing the number of specialists who are capable of resolving professional problems effectively, and are willing to take part in continuing education for professional improvement, and who have the ability to work with the different strata of society. In order to realize this goal there must be a reorganization of personnel.

An important part of this process is selection and placement of new personnel. The appropriate usage of entrance exams to ensure that the necessary qualifications are met by the prospective students. In the current selection process used in Russia today is extremely subjective, and therefore is not an accurate basis for the selection of prospective Militia personnel. This problem is further compounded by the changed ideological paradigm in Russia.

The central task is to create a multilevel system for the training of personnel, based on one overall academic program. The given system is to call for a permanent increase of knowledge with the obligatory succession of the educational program, with the integration and flexibility of the teaching staff. The content of training must provide flexible reactions to the changing demands of society, and be oriented to training specialists who can work and adapt to a market economy and new political conditions, complex criminal situations and extreme situations. Special attention should be paid to the possibility to resolve conflicts in a nonviolent manner, and to defend the life, rights and freedoms of the citizens.

The usage of this multilevel system of education will allow not only the improved quality of the education of personnel, but also the opening of new possibilities of integration of our system of education into the corresponding European and world-wide systems. And also for the development of international cooperation and the mutual sharing of information.

On this stage of reform we are interested in studying and using the European curriculum for the training of specialists on the fields of: financial crime, fraud, the protection of copyright laws, the fight with organized crime etc.

The existing base of international cooperation already permits the resolution of many problems. But, the question is what should the next step be. We thing that our mutual efforts could be directed in the following ways:

  1. The organization of European forensic laboratories, and a compilation of the information gathered there to help prevent future crimes.
  2. The foundation of European centers for the training specialists and improvement of the qualifications of: As it is will known, currently there is a coordination of concrete problems which deal with the functioning of such a center and the Russian Federation takes an active part in this work. In our opinion such a center and possible other centers of police training which are specializing in different law fields. Each of these centers could accumulate an generalize international experience in its area of specialty, as will as developing corresponding recommendations for that areas improvement. We should bear in mind that this organization should be the responsibility of the larger educational institutions involved in the training of the determined field, to avoid the high expenses for their creations (as for us in our count, without any doubt the academy of Ministry of Internal Affairs or Scientific and Research Institute of the MIA of the RF). We welcome such real measures which were created for the functioning of such centers. Thus, Russia absolutely supports the initiative of the Italian government in establishing an international training center for the training of police personnel in the fight against organized transnational crime, which was initiated in the Napoly International Conference of the U. N. on organized interrelated crime, held from the 21st to 23rd of November 1994.
  3. The organization of national centers for helping police officials in the study of foreign languages.
  4. The publishing of a European magazine of journal devoted to the problems of police training.
  5. Start work for the creation of a common educational field of training level of general education and professional training. In this framework the development of professional standard of the European Policeman has an extremely important meaning. The mutual project for these standards permits us to unify and improve the experience of recruiting. selection an training of Police staff.

Naturally, the suggested program of the training of police officials is not complete. In the given case our task is to attract the attention to the necessity to fulfill a set of tasks that are placed upon the police by society. And as it seems to us to fulfill these social demands fully it will not be possible without the cooperation of efforts in police activity, and first of all in the training of officials for it.

Table of Contents | Intercultural Human Resource Management for Police Cooperation in Europe

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