IN THE SPOTLIGHT
"Club drugs are a pharmacologically heterogeneous group of psychoactive drugs that tend to be abused by teens and young adults at bars, nightclubs, concerts, and parties." (Drug Facts: Club Drugs, National Institute on Drug Abuse, 2010).
Examples of club drugs include Gamma hydroxybutyrate (GHB), Rohypnol, ketamine, as well as MDMA (ecstasy) and methamphetamine (Drug Facts: Club Drugs, National Institute on Drug Abuse, 2010).
There are numerous dangers associated with the use of club drugs. For example:
- MDMA can cause a user's blood pressure and heart rate to increase to dangerous levels, and can lead to heart or kidney failure. It can cause severe hyperthermia from the combination of the drug's stimulant effect with the often hot, crowded atmosphere of a rave (MDMA (Ecstasy) Abuse Research Report, National Institute on Drug Abuse, 2006).
- Studies have shown that some heavy MDMA users experience long lasting confusion, depression, and selective impairment of working memory and attention processes (MDMA (Ecstasy) Abuse Research Report, National Institute on Drug Abuse, 2006).
- Rohypnol and GHB are predominantly central nervous system depressants. Because they are often colorless, tasteless, and odorless, they can be added to beverages and ingested unknowingly (Drug Facts: Club Drugs, National Institute on Drug Abuse, 2010).
- Ketamine is a dissociative anesthetic, mostly used in veterinary practice (Drug Facts: Club Drugs, National Institute on Drug Abuse, 2010).
- Methamphetamine is a powerfully addictive stimulant associated with serious health conditions, including memory loss, aggression, and potential heart and brain damage. Users can also display a number of psychotic features, including paranoia, auditory hallucinations, mood disturbances, and delusions (Methamphetamine Abuse and Addiction Research Report, National Institute on Drug Abuse, 2013).
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