This section contains examples of nationally recognized agencies and organizations that provide services or information.
Ballistics Toolmark Research Database
Sponsored by the National Institute of Justice, the National Institute of Standards and Technology Ballistics Toolmark Research Database is an open-access database of bullet and cartridge case toolmark data.
Combined DNA Index System (CODIS)
CODIS enables federal, State, and local crime labs to exchange and compare DNA profiles electronically, thereby linking crimes to each other and to convicted offenders.
The National Institute of Justice’s CrimeSolutions.gov uses rigorous research to inform practitioners and policy makers about what works in criminal justice, juvenile justice, and crime victim services. On CrimeSolutions.gov you will find ratings and reviews of specific programs and practices that focus on a variety of justice topics, including forensics/evidence.
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) Laboratory Services Division
The FBI Laboratory provides forensic exams, technical support, expert witness testimony, and advanced training to FBI personnel and partners around the globe.
National Human Genome Research Institute
The National Human Genome Research Institute was established to head the Human Genome Project for the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and to support biomedical research.
National Institute of Justice (NIJ): Forensic Information Data Exchange (FIDEX)
The FIDEX system allows criminal justice stakeholders to share forensic information. It consists of the portal and two standardized sets of Information Exchange Package Documents, one for submitting forensic cases to the crime laboratory and one for tracking the disposition of court cases for which forensic evidence has been submitted. By electronically determining the real-time status of court cases, crime laboratories can reduce their backlogs by identifying cases that have been dismissed or plea bargained in the courts and no longer need analysis.
National Institute of Justice (NIJ): Office of Investigative and Forensic Sciences (OIFS)
OIFS is the federal government’s lead agency for forensic science research and development as well as the administration of programs that facilitate training and improve laboratory efficiency. Through the research, development, testing and evaluation process, OIFS programs provide direct support to crime laboratories and law enforcement agencies to increase their capacity to process high-volume cases, provide needed training in new technologies, and provide support to reduce backlogs through the:
National Toxicology Program (NTP)
This program was established in 1978 by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) to coordinate toxicological testing programs within the Department, strengthen the science base in toxicology; develop and validate improved testing methods; and provide information about potentially toxic chemicals to health regulatory and research agencies, the scientific and medical communities, and the public.
Office for Victims of Crime (OVC): American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner-Sexual Assault Response Team (SANE-SART) Initiative
OVC established the AI/AN SANE-SART Initiative to address the comprehensive needs of tribal victims of sexual violence, with the ultimate goal of institutionalizing sustainable and evidence-based practices that meet the needs of tribal communities.
Short Tandem Repeat DNA Internet Database
The Short Tandem Repeat DNA Internet Database was created to benefit research and application of short tandem repeat DNA markers to human identity testing which are used for genetic mapping, linkage analysis, and human identity testing.
U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Forensics Laboratory
The National Fish and Wildlife Forensics Laboratory serves both national and international communities in identifying and comparing physical evidence in an attempt to link suspect, victim and crime scene.