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Gangs - Publications

The following publications are a sample of available resources.

Drugs and Violence

Drive-by Shootings
Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, March 2007

Violence by Gang Members, 1993-2003
Bureau of Justice Statistics, June 2005

Gang- and Drug-Related Homicide: Baltimore"s Successful Enforcement Strategy
Bureau of Justice Assistance, July 2003

Reducing Gun Violence: Results From an Intervention in East Los Angeles
RAND Corporation, 2003

Dreams, Gangs, and Guns: The Interplay Between Adolescent Violence and Immigration in a New York City Neighborhood
Vera Institute of Justice, April 2002

Reducing Gun Violence: The Boston Gun Project’s Operation Ceasefire
National Institute of Justice, September 2001

Gun Use by Male Juveniles: Research and Prevention
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, July 2001

Youth Gang Homicides in the 1990s
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, March 2001

Alcohol and Violence in the Lives of Gang Members
National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, 2001

National Evaluation of the Youth Firearms Violence Initiative
National Institute of Justice, November 2000

Adolescent Homicides in Los Angeles: Are They Different From Other Homicides? Summary
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, March 2000

Homicide in Los Angeles: An Analysis of the Differential Character of Adolescent and Other Homicides
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, March 2000

Violent Neighborhoods, Violent Kids
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, March 2000

Youth Gang Drug Trafficking
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, December 1999

Gang Activity in Orange County, California: Final Report to the National Institute of Justice
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, August 1999

The Youth Gangs, Drugs and Violence Connection
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, January 1999

Gang Membership, Delinquent Peers, and Delinquent Behavior
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, October 1998

Criminal Behavior of Gang Members and At-Risk Youth
National Institute of Justice, March 1998

Youth Violence, Guns, and Illicit Drug Markets
National Institute of Justice, June 1996

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Prison Security Threat Groups

Guidelines to Gang Reentry CD-ROM
Bureau of Justice Assistance-Sponsored, 2010

Career Criminals, Security Threat Groups, and Prison Gangs: An Interrelated Threat
Federal Bureau of Investigation, June 2003

Arizona Department of Corrections: Security Threat Group (STG) Program Evaluation, Final Report
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, December 2001

When Prisoners Return to the Community: Political, Economic, and Social Consequences
National Institute of Justice, November 2000

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Law Enforcement Resources

Combating Gangsters Online
Federal Bureau of Investigation, April 2011

RISS National Gang Program: Combating Gang Activity Through Secure Communications and Information Sharing
Bureau of Justice Assistance-Sponsored, January 2011

Best Practices To Address Community Gang Problems: OJJDP"s Comprehensive Gang Model
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, October 2010

Gang Units in Large Local Law Enforcement Agencies, 2007
Bureau of Justice Statistics, October 2010

Solutions to Address Gang Crime: A Resource CD-ROM for Law Enforcement
Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, August 2009

OJJDP Comprehensive Gang Model: A Guide to Assessing Your Community’s Youth Gang Problem
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention-Sponsored, May 2009

OJJDP Comprehensive Gang Model: Planning for Implementation
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention-Sponsored, May 2009

Strategies to Address Gang Crime: A Guidebook for Local Law Enforcement
Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, April 2008

Gang Toolkit: Community Policing Solutions to Address Gang Crime
Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, 2007

Violent Crime Impact Teams (VCIT) Initiative: Focus on Partnerships
Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, February 2006

Street Gangs and Interventions: Innovative Problem Solving with Network Analysis
Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, September 2005

Specialized Gang Units: Form and Function in Community Policing
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, October 2004

Graffiti
Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, August 2004

Crime Mapping News, Volume 6, Issue 3, Summer 2004
Office of Community Oriented Policing Services, 2004

Police Response to Gangs: A Multi-Site Study
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, October 2003

Policing by Injunction: Problem-Oriented Dimensions of Civil Gang Abatement in the State of California
National Institute of Justice, 2002

Federal-Local Law Enforcement Collaboration in Investigating and Prosecuting Urban Crime, 1982-1999: Drugs, Weapons, and Gangs, Final Report
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, May 2000

Establishment of a Police Gang Unit: An Examination of Rational and Institutional Considerations
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, 2000

Northeast Gang Information System: Description of the System and Lessons Learned
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, October 1999

Police-Corrections Partnerships
National Institute of Justice, March 1999

Northeast Gang Information System (NEGIS) Participant Survey: Police Executive Research Forum
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, January 1998

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General Research

National Gang Center Newsletter
National Gang Center, Quarterly

Process and Outcome Evaluation of the G.R.E.A.T. Program
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, 2013

Highlights of the 2011 National Youth Gang Survey
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, September 2013

Gang Offending and Online Behavior 
Justice Research and Statistics Association, September 2012

Assessment of the Comprehensive Anti-Gang Initiative: Final Project Report
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, July 2012

Non-Criminal Consequences of Gang Membership: Impacts on Education and Employment in the Life-Course
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, May 2012

Social Networks, Delinquency, and Gang Membership: Using a Neighborhood Framework to Examine the Influence of Network Composition and Structure in a Latino Community
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention-Sponsored, February 2012

APPA's C.A.R.E. Model: A Framework for Collaboration, Analysis, Reentry, and Evaluation: A Response to Street Gang Violence
American Probation and Parole Association, 2012

U.S. Gang Problem Trends and Seriousness, 1996-2009
National Gang Center, May 2011

National Gang Threat Assessment 2011
National Gang Intelligence Center, 2011

Gang Prevention: An Overview of Research and Programs
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, December 2010

History of Street Gangs in the United States
National Gang Center, May 2010

Combating Gangs: Federal Agencies Have Implemented a Central American Gang Strategy, but Could Strengthen Oversight and Measurement of Efforts
Government Accountability Office, April 2010

Street-Gang Mentality: A Mosaic of Remorseless Violence and Relentless Loyalty
Federal Bureau of Investigation, September 2007

The Impact of Gangs on Communities
National Youth Gang Center, August 2006

National Youth Gang Survey: 1999-2001
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, July 2006

Juvenile Offenders and Victims: 2006 National Report
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, March 2006

Gangs in Small Towns and Rural Counties
National Youth Gang Center, June 2005

Gangs in Central America
Congressional Research Service, May 2005

Youth Gangs in Rural America
National Institute of Justice, July 2004

Youth Gangs in Indian Country
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, March 2004

Modern Day Youth Gangs
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, June 2002

Survey of Youth Gangs in Indian Country 2000
National Youth Gang Center, June 2002

National Youth Gang Survey Trends From 1996 to 2000
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, February 2002

Early Precursors of Gang Membership: A Study of Seattle Youth
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, December 2001

Gangs in Middle America: Are They a Threat?
Federal Bureau of Investigation, December 2001

Hybrid and Other Modern Gangs
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, December 2001

Gangs in Rural America, Final Report
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, August 2001

The Growth of Youth Gang Problems in the United States: 1970-98, Part 1
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, April 2001

The Growth of Youth Gang Problems in the United States: 1970-98, Part 2
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, April 2001

National Evaluation of the Youth Firearms Violence Initiative
National Institute of Justice, November 2000

Youth Gangs in Schools
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, August 2000

Gang Activity in Orange County, California: Final Report to the National Institute of Justice
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, August 1999

Comparing the Criminal Behavior of Youth Gangs and At-Risk Youths
National Institute of Justice, October 1998

Gang Members on the Move
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, October 1998

Youth Gangs: An Overview
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, August 1998

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Gang Prosecution

Gang Prosecution Manual
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention-Sponsored, July 2009

Civil Gang Injunctions: A Guide for Prosecutors
Bureau of Justice Assistance-Sponsored, 2009

Prosecutor"s Comprehensive Gang Response Model
National District Attorneys Association, September 2007

Gang-Related Witness Intimidation
National Gang Center, February 2007

Prosecuting Gang Cases: What Prosecutors Need to Know
American Prosecutors Research Institute, April 2004

Can Civil Gang Injunctions Change Communities? A Community Assessment of the Impact of Civil Gang Injunctions
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, April 2004

Federal-Local Law Enforcement Collaboration in Investigating and Prosecuting Urban Crime, 1982-1999: Drugs, Weapons, and Gangs
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, May 2000

Enabling Prosecutors To Address Drug, Gang, and Youth Violence
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, December 1999

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Prevention, Intervention, and Suppression Programs

Monitoring High-Risk Gang Offenders With GPS Technology: An Evaluation of the California Supervision Program Final Report
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, September 2013

Changing Course: Preventing Gang Membership
National Institute of Justice, September 2013

Getting Out of Gangs, Staying Out of Gangs: Gang intervention and Desistence Strategies
National Gang Center, January 2013

Assessment of the Comprehensive Anti-Gang Initiative: Final Project Report
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, July 2012

Street Outreach and the OJJDP Comprehensive Gang Model
National Gang Center, June 2012

Gang Hot Spots Policing in Chicago: An Evaluation of the Deployment Operations Center Process
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, March 2011

Findings From the Evaluation of OJJDP"s Gang Reduction Program
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, December 2010

Gang Prevention: An Overview of Research and Programs
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, December 2010

Responding to Gangs in the School Setting
National Gang Center, November 2010

Best Practices To Address Community Gang Problems: OJJDP"s Comprehensive Gang Model, Second Edition
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, October 2010

Property Abatements-The Other Gang Injunction: Project T.O.U.G.H.
National Gang Center, September 2009

Combating Gangs: Better Coordination and Performance Measurement Would Help Clarify Roles of Federal Agencies and Strengthen Assessment of Efforts
Government Accountability Office, July 2009

OJJDP Comprehensive Gang Model: A Guide to Assessing Your Community’s Youth Gang Problem
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention-Sponsored, May 2009

OJJDP Comprehensive Gang Model: Planning for Implementation
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention-Sponsored, May 2009

Evaluation of OJJDP"s Gang Reduction Program Yields Positive Results
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, February 2009

Mobilizing Communities to Address Gang Problems
National Youth Gang Center, January 2009

Gang Issues
United States Attorneys’ Bulletin, Volume 56, Number 4, July 2008

Evaluation of CeaseFire-Chicago
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, March 2008

Multidisciplinary Gang Intervention Teams
National Youth Gang Center, August 2007

Parent"s Quick Reference Card: Recognizing and Preventing Gang Involvement
Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS), 2007

Gang Prevention: How to Make the “Front End” of Your Anti-Gang Effort Work
United States Attorneys’ Bulletin, Volume 54, Number 3, May 2006

Best Practices of Community Policing in Gang Intervention and Gang Violence Prevention, 2006
United States Conference of Mayors, 2006

Evaluation of the San Antonio Comprehensive Community-Wide Approach to Gang Prevention, Intervention and Suppression Program
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention-Sponsored, May 2005

Reducing Gun Violence: Operation Ceasefire in Los Angeles
National Institute of Justice, February 2005

Evaluation of the Tucson Comprehensive Community-Wide Approach to Gang Prevention, Intervention and Suppression Program
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention-Sponsored, October 2004

Juvenile Justice Journal, Volume IX, Number 1 (Causes and Correlates: Findings and Implications Issue)
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, September 2004

Evaluating G.R.E.A.T.: A School-Based Gang Prevention Program
National Institute of Justice, June 2004

Can Civil Gang Injunctions Change Communities? A Community Assessment of the Impact of Civil Gang Injunctions
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, April 2004

Evaluation of the Riverside Comprehensive Community-Wide Approach to Gang Prevention, Intervention and Suppression
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention-Sponsored, October 2003

OJJDP News @ a Glance: New Program Supports Community Anti-Gang Efforts
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, September/October 2003

Evaluation of the Mesa Gang Intervention Program (MGIP)
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention-Sponsored, October 2002

National Evaluation of the Gang Resistance Education and Training (G.R.E.A.T.) Program, Final Report
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, November 2001

Evaluation of the Bloomington-Normal Comprehensive Gang Program
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention-Sponsored, October 2001

Reducing Gun Violence: The Boston Gun Project"s Operation Ceasefire
National Institute of Justice, September 2001

Preventing Adolescent Gang Involvement
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, September 2000

Youth Gang Programs and Strategies
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, August 2000

"Designing Out" Gang Homicides and Street Assaults
National Institute of Justice, November 1998

Addressing Community Gang Problems: A Practical Guide
Bureau of Justice Assistance, May 1998

National Evaluation of G.R.E.A.T.
National Institute of Justice, November 1997

Community Gang Prevention Team Survey
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, March 1997

A Comprehensive Response to America"s Youth Gang Problem
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, March 1997

Addressing Community Gang Problems: A Model for Problem Solving
Bureau of Justice Assistance, January 1997

Gang Suppression and Intervention: Problem and Response
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, October 1994

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Female Gangs

Violence by Teenage Girls: Trends and Context
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, May 2008

Female Gangs: A Focus on Research
Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, March 2001

Evaluation of Youth Gang Drug Intervention/Prevention Programs for Female Adolescents
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, July 1999

Female Gang Involvement in a Midwestern City: Correlates, Nature and Meanings
National Institute of Justice-Sponsored, December 1996

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NCJRS Abstracts Database

The National Criminal Justice Reference Service Abstracts Database contains summaries of more than 220,000 criminal justice publications, including Federal, State, and local government reports, books, research reports, journal articles, and unpublished research.

Users of the database may conduct a search using their own key words and link to full text where available. As of March 2014, there were more than 5,500 abstracts available using the term(s) "gangs."

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Links from the NCJRS Web site to non-Federal sites do not constitute an endorsement by NCJRS or its sponsors. NCJRS is not responsible for the content or privacy policy of any off-site pages that are referenced, nor does NCJRS guarantee the accuracy, completeness, timeliness, or correct sequencing of information. NCJRS is also not responsible for the use of, or results obtained from the use of, the information. It is the responsibility of the user to evaluate the content and usefulness of information obtained from non-Federal sites.