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Trafficking in Persons - Related Resources

This section contains examples of nationally recognized agencies and organizations that provide services or information.

Blue Campaign
The Blue Campaign is a Department of Homeland Security-wide initiative to combat human trafficking through enhanced public awareness, victim assistance programs, and law enforcement training and initiatives.

Child Exploitation and Obscenity Section (CEOS), U.S. Department of Justice Criminal Division
CEOS works to combat incidences of child exploitation and the trafficking of women and children. Issues under the CEOS umbrella include child pornography, illegal interstate or international transportation of women and children, international parental abduction, computer-related exploitation of children, and child victimization on Federal and Indian lands.

End Human Trafficking
End Human Trafficking is President Barrack Obama’s effort to join the fight to end human trafficking.

Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI): Human Trafficking
The FBI works to protect and defend the United States against terrorist and foreign intelligence threats and to enforce the criminal laws of the United States, including human trafficking.

Human Smuggling and Trafficking Center, U.S. Department of State
The Human Smuggling and Trafficking Center was established by Section 7202 of the Intelligence Reform and Terrorism Prevention Act of 2004. The Center will achieve greater integration and overall effectiveness in the U.S. Government's enforcement and other response efforts, and work with other governments to address the separate but related issues of alien smuggling, trafficking in persons, and criminal support of clandestine terrorist travel.

Innocence Lost National Initiative
In June 2003, the Federal Bureau of Investigation, in conjunction with the Department of Justice Child Exploitation and Obscenity Section and the National Center for Missing and Exploited Children, launched the Innocence Lost National Initiative. Their combined efforts were aimed at addressing the growing problem of domestic sex trafficking of children in the United States.

Maryland Human Trafficking Task Force
Formed in 2007 by the Attorney General of Maryland, the State's Attorney for Baltimore City, and the U.S. Attorney's Office, the Maryland Human Trafficking Task Force aims to create a heightened law enforcement and victim service presence in the community. Law enforcement efforts include establishing roving operations to identify victims and traffickers, deputizing local law enforcement to assist in federal human trafficking investigations, and providing training for law enforcement officers. The task force also seeks to deter human trafficking through outreach to persons who might be victimized by traffickers.

Office for Victims of Crime
The Office for Victims of Crime (OVC) was established by the 1984 Victims of Crime Act (VOCA) to oversee diverse programs that benefit victims of crime. OVC provides substantial funding to State victim assistance and compensation programs; the lifeline services that help victims heal. The agency supports trainings designed to educate criminal justice and allied professionals regarding the rights and needs of crime victims. See the OVC site to to view a listing of resources related to human trafficking.

Office of Refugee Resettlement (ORR), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
The Office of Refugee Resettlement (ORR) helps refugees and other special populations (such as adult victims of severe forms of trafficking) obtain economic and social self-sufficiency in the United States. ORR also maintains the trafficking victims verification toll-free number, 1-866-401-5510. This phone number is available for Federal benefit representatives to call for more information about victim certification.

Office on Violence Against Women (OVW), U.S. Department of Justice
OVW (formerly VAWO) provides national and international leadership on legal and policy issues regarding violence against women, including trafficking in persons and worker exploitation.

Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons, U.S. Department of State
The Trafficking Victims Protection Act (P.L. 106-386), adopted in October 2000, provides the tools to combat trafficking in persons, both worldwide and domestically. The Act authorized the establishment of the Office to Monitor and Combat Trafficking in Persons.

U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS): Victims of Human Trafficking & Other Crimes
USCIS helps protect victims of human trafficking and other crimes by providing immigration relief. Human trafficking, also known as trafficking in persons, is a form of modern-day slavery in which traffickers lure individuals with false promises of employment and a better life.

U.S. Department of Justice, Civil Rights Division, Criminal Section
The Criminal Section prosecutes cases involving the violent interference with liberties and rights defined in the Constitution or federal law. The rights of both citizens and non-citizens are protected. In general, it is the use of force, threats, or intimidation that characterize a federal criminal violation of an individual's civil rights. Our cases often involve incidents that are invariably of intense public interest. While some violations may most appropriately be pursued by the federal Government, others can be addressed by either the federal Government or by state or local prosecutors. Our ultimate goal is to ensure that acts constituting federal criminal civil rights violations are sufficiently remedied, whether prosecuted federally or by local authorities.

U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE): Human Trafficking
The mission of the ICE Human Trafficking Unit is to identify, both domestically and internationally, criminal individuals and organizations involved in human smuggling and trafficking and destroy their ability to operate by using the full range of resources, capabilities, and authorities available to ICE. Disruption of current smuggling activity, seizure of assets and funds, relentless investigation, and prosecution of the individuals involved significantly undermine the capacity of these organizations and groups to conduct their business.

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