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ABSTRACTS DATABASE ONLINE TUTORIAL

How Results Are Found and Displayed

Documents are found based on the presence, frequency, location, proximity, and density of the search terms entered and the Search Type selected. The results of searches are initially displayed in order of relevance as determined by factoring search term presence in the record, the number of times search terms appear, the location and proximity of the search terms within the record, and the ratio of the number of times search terms appear in the record in relation to the total number of words in the record. Additional sorting options are provided to aide document identification based on user need. In addition to relevancy ranking (the default display), search results can also be sorted in reverse numerical order by NCJ number (highest to lowest), in reverse chronological order by date published (most recent to oldest), and alphabetically by title.

Results of ALL, ANY and PHRASE Searches

ALL

The search type ALL will find the exact terms entered in the search box, or closely related terms that NCJRS has identified as synonyms. In order to be returned in the result listing, the record must contain all of the terms entered in the search box. For example, all of the results returned for an ALL search for the terms juvenile delinquency must contain both of the terms juvenile and delinquency.

ANY

The search type ANY will find at least one of the terms entered in the search box, or closely related terms that NCJRS has identified as synonyms. In order to be returned in the result listing, the record must contain at least one of the terms entered in the search box. For example, all of the results returned for an ANY search for the terms juvenile delinquency must contain either the term juvenile or delinquency.

PHRASE

The search type PHRASE will find the exact terms entered in the search box, or closely related terms that NCJRS has identified as synonyms, in the exact order they are entered. In order to be returned in the result listing, the record must contain the terms entered in the search box in the exact order they are entered.

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Results of Fielded Searches

The NCJRS Abstracts Database allows for select searches within predetermined fields of the record: Title, Author, Journal Name, NCJ Number, and General Search. More detail on fielded searching is provided in the Field Searches section of the tutorial. In general: Title looks only for terms listed in the Title field of the abstract record. Author looks only for authors', corporate authors, and editors' names, including both people and organizations. Journal Name looks only for terms listed in the Journal Name/Journal Title field of the abstract record. NCJ Number looks for NCJRS assigned accession numbers, also called NCJ Numbers (NCJ 158544). And, General Search looks across all of the relevant abstract record fields.

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