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NCJ Number: 252521 Find in a Library
Title: Labor Trafficking in North Carolina: A Statewide Survey Using Multistage Sampling
Author(s): Sheldon Zhang; Kelle Barrick; Brian Evans; Ryan Weber; Joe McMichael; Paul Mosquin; Kyle Vincent; Derek Ramirez
Date Published: January 2019
Page Count: 24
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Washington, DC 20531
San Diego State University Research Foundation
San Diego, CA 92182
US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
Washington, DC 20531
Grant Number: 2013-IJ-CX-0047
Sale Source: US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
810 Seventh Street, NW
Washington, DC 20531
United States of America
Document: PDF
Type: Grants and Funding; Program/Project Description; Report (Grant Sponsored); Report (Study/Research); Research (Applied/Empirical); Survey
Format: Document; Document (Online)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study’s primary goal was to produce reliable estimates of the prevalence of labor trafficking victimization among farmworkers in North Carolina.
Abstract: Just over 40 migrant farmworkers were interviewed to identify potential trafficking cases and indicators that trafficking may be occurring. The study determined that about 25 percent of the sample had experienced some type of employment abuse; nearly 18 percent reported incidents that could be considered labor trafficking, and 22 percent reported lesser forms of labor abuse and exploitation. The most common type of abuse was a form of intimidation, threats, and fear (13 percent), fraud and deception (12 percent), and exploitative labor practices (12 percent). The least common type of abuse involved restrictions on physical or communicative freedom (7 percent). Being undocumented was the strongest predictor of labor abuse. Given an estimated annual average of 61,455 migrant farmworkers in North Carolina over the 3-year data-collection period, just over 17,000 migrant farmworkers in North Carolina may have experienced some form of labor exploitation in their lifetimes, with nearly 11,000 experiencing labor trafficking and just over 13,000 experiencing other forms of abuse and exploitation. Given the link between documentation status and abuse, additional research is needed to determine whether and how temporary work visas may protect workers and whether this impact varies across states and by industry. Future research should also explore further the extent to which immigration policies and visa programs may impact experiences of labor trafficking and exploitation among migrant workers. These relationships should also be explored outside of North Carolina. 8 tables, 3 maps, and 10 references
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Illegal Immigrants/Aliens; Immigrants/Aliens; Labor force analysis; National Institute of Justice (NIJ); NIJ final report; North Carolina; Trafficking in Persons
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