skip navigation

PUBLICATIONS

Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 

NCJ Number: 106708 Find in a Library
Title: Justice Among the Italians
Journal: C J International  Volume:3  Issue:3  Dated:(May-June 1987)  Pages:13-23
Author(s): H E Smith
Date Published: 1987
Page Count: 11
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: Focusing on the Italian criminal justice system, this article briefly outlines the history of Rome and Italy from 500 B.C. to the present; discusses the government and judicial system; and highlights the organizational structure of the national police.
Abstract: Since 1946, Italy has been a democratic republic with a bicameral parliament, a separate judiciary, and an executive branch. Italy has 95 provinces and 20 regions. The Italian judicial system, based on Roman law and modified by the Napoleonic Code and subsequent statutes, consists of the hierarchy of ordinary courts, which try civil and criminal cases. The hierarchy has eight levels, with the lowest level dealing with civil cases and the highest dealing with appeals. Italy's centralized police is built primarily on three armed national-level organizations whose tasks and functions overlap: the customs or treasure police force; the public security police; and the Arma Dei Carabinieri, the elite police force. These three national police forces are to various degrees military in nature, and all become militarized in times of war. In addition, Italy has a municipal or civil police force. Major problems confronting the Italian police are terrorism, dangerous and illicit drugs, and drugs in relation to organized crime. Additional information is given on the Vatican police. 2 charts, 10 illustrations, and 23 references.
Main Term(s): Foreign criminal justice systems
Index Term(s): Crime in foreign countries; Criminal justice system analysis; Foreign courts; Foreign judicial systems; Foreign police; Foreign police training; Foreign police/community relations; Italy
To cite this abstract, use the following link:
http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/publications/abstract.aspx?ID=106708

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.