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NCJ Number: 132395 Find in a Library
Title: Delinquent Gangs: A Psychological Perspective
Author(s): A P Goldstein
Date Published: 1991
Page Count: 324
Sponsoring Agency: Research Press
Champaign, IL 61821
Publication Number: ISBN 0-87822-324-X
Sale Source: Research Press
2612 North Mattis Avenue
Champaign, IL 61821
United States of America
Type: Issue Overview
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: As the United States enters the 1990's, there are more delinquent gangs, more gang youth drug involvement, and more violence being perpetrated by such youth.
Abstract: Data on the number, structure, and functioning of delinquent gangs are hard to obtain, and no national-level agency systematically collects and reports gang-related information. Nonetheless, what data are available suggest that males outnumber female gang members 20 to 1 and that delinquent gangs are located in almost all 50 States. In a 1989 survey, 35 cities reported 1,439 gangs, and California, Illinois, and Florida had substantial gang concentrations. The history of gang behavior and violence is traced, and causes and motivations of gang aggression are examined. Psychological foundations of delinquent gangs are discussed in terms of delinquent youth, hyperadolescents, the group nature of gangs, and the effect of gangs on and interaction with the community. Appropriate intervention strategies are explored, including individual-level, community-level, and State-level intervention; judicial and therapeutic approaches; and gang outreach and group-level intervention. Various programs and levels of intervention are described. Particular attention is paid to environmental enhancers of violence, qualities of gang members, theories of delinquent behavior, and gang communications and support networks. Professionals concerned with any aspect of the delinquent gang phenomena (research, theory, prevention, or rehabilitation) are urged to recognize the desirability of including gang youth as collaborators in such efforts. 673 references, 11 tables, and 1 figure
Main Term(s): Juvenile gang behavior patterns
Index Term(s): Juvenile drug use; Psychological influences on crime; Violence prevention; Violent juvenile offenders
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