skip navigation

CrimeSolutions.gov

Add your conference to our Justice Events calendar

PUBLICATIONS

NCJRS Celebrates National Library Week April 12-18

National Library Week

Started in 1958, National Library Week is a nationwide observance celebrated by all types of libraries - including the NCJRS Virtual Library. NCJRS invites you to explore the breadth and scope of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection and services. With more than 220,000 collection documents and 60,000 online resources, including all known Office of Justice Programs works, it is one of the world’s largest criminal justice special collections.

We encourage your Feedback. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Virtual Library and Abstracts Database, how you access the collection, and any ways we can improve our services.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection.
To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database.

How to Obtain Documents
 
NCJ Number: NCJ 145593     Find in a Library
Title: ALPHONSE M. BERTILLON: HIS LIFE AND THE SCIENCE OF FINGERPRINTS
Author(s): C L Chapman
  Journal: Journal of Forensic Identification  Volume:43  Issue:6  Dated:(November/December 1993)  Pages:585-602
Date Published: 1993
Page Count: 18
  Annotation: This is a biography of Alphonse M. Bertillon.
Abstract: Alphonse M. Bertillon is credited with devising a scientific approach for the identification of criminals known as the Bertillon System of Identification (Signaletic Instructions). He is sometimes credited with significant involvement in establishing the science of fingerprints, but, in fact, he opposed their use right up to his death in 1914. Yet, his efforts to create a means for reliable personal identification did, indirectly, foster the development of fingerprint identification. The Bertillon System of Identification is divided into three parts: (1) the Anthropometrical, which involves measuring, with precision and under prescribed conditions, some of the most characteristic dimensions of the bony structures of the body; (2) the Descriptive or Morphological, an observation of the body shape and movements along with noticeable characteristics of mental and moral qualities; and (3) the Signalment by Peculiar Marks, or Pathological Signalment, the observation of the peculiarities occurring on the surface of the body resulting from disease, accident, deformity, or artificial disfigurement. Descriptions and illustrations of measurement procedures are included in the article. Although Bertillon endeavored to maintain support for his methods, other discoveries, including fingerprinting, eventually removed the need for an anthropometric measurement system to establish personal identification. Bertillon had dramatically altered and improved police practices with his system of identification, but resisted an even better revolution. Bertillon did not avoid fingerprints, but seems never to have accepted the theory of fingerprints being permanent and individually unique. Five-item bibliography
Main Term(s): Police
Index Term(s): Criminology
Type: Biography
Country: United States of America
Language: English
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=145593

* A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's web site is provided.