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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 145645     Find in a Library
  Title: Understanding and Preventing Violence, Research in Brief
  Document URL: PDF 
  Author(s): J A Roth
  Date Published: 1994
  Page Count: 11
  Series: NIJ Research in Brief
  Annotation: This report reviews the current status of research on the extent and causes of violence and promising approaches to violence prevention, based on the findings of the National Academy of Sciences Panel on the Understanding and Control of Violent Behavior.
  Abstract: The discussion notes that the level of violent crime has reached high, although not unprecedented levels. Between 1975 and 1989, harsher prison sentencing prevented some violent crimes through incapacitation and deterrence, but crime by persons still in the community offset those preventive effects. In addition to an effective criminal justice response, the strategy for violence reduction should include preventive interventions directed at the multiple factors affecting the risk of violence. Long-term prevention should include strategies directed toward children and their caregivers, interventions undertaken at the social and community level, and biomedical strategies in areas such as drug abuse by pregnant women. More immediate effects may be obtained by intervening in situations where violent events cluster, such as illegal drug markets, certain places where alcohol and firearms are readily available, and physical locations conducive to crime. Because evaluations are not yet conclusive enough to justify a single strategy, violence control policy should proceed through a problemsolving strategy in which many tactics that integrate efforts by criminal justice, social service, and community-based organizations are tested, evaluated, and refined. Figures and chart
  Main Term(s): Criminology
  Index Term(s): Violent crime statistics ; Violence causes ; Violence prevention
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
United States of America
  Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
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  Type: Survey
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  Note: NIJ Research in Brief
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