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NCJ Number: NCJ 147479     Find in a Library
Title: Americans With Disabilities Act and Criminal Justice: Hiring New Employees
  Document URL: Text PDF 
Author(s): P N Rubin
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 7
  Series: NIJ Research in Action
  Annotation: The implications of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) on the criminal justice system are explored.
Abstract: The requirements of the ADA have significant consequences for the hiring process in the criminal justice system. Many of the tests and screening devices commonly used to hire public safety personnel, as well as the order in which these tests may be administered, must be scrutinized in light of the ADA. This publication summarizes the ADA, providing examples of its effect on the hiring process in the criminal justice system. Hiring practices experiencing the greatest impact are the testing and screening devices which prior to the ADA were required before a job offer was made. Since the ADA prohibits disability-related inquiries prior to making a conditional offer of employment, many of these testing and screening devices must be postponed until after an offer is made. Screening devices discussed include agility tests, drug tests, polygraph tests, background checks, and medical and psychological exams. A quiz concerning those questions which could be construed as a medical inquiry (and, therefore, off-limits prior to a conditional offer of employment) is provided, accompanied by explanations of the correct answers. Footnotes
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Courts ; Police personnel selection ; Corrections personnel selection ; Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
United States of America
Grant Number: 92-IJ-CX-0009
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/
NCJRS paper reproduction
Box 6000, Dept F
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United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
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Type: Survey
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: NIJ Research in Action
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