skip navigation


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the Virtual Library. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.


NCJ Number: 148323 Find in a Library
Title: Maladaptation and Prison Environmental Preferences Among Inmate Parasuicides
Journal: Journal of Offender Rehabilitation  Volume:20  Issue:3-4  Dated:(1994)  Pages:131-146
Author(s): N J Smyth; A Ivanoff
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 16
Type: Survey
Format: Article
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the relationship between maladaptation and the environmental preferences of 33 male prison inmates in New York who had engaged in deliberate, nonfatal self-harm at an earlier time in their current incarceration.
Abstract: The participants had an average age of 29.18 years. More than two-thirds were currently incarcerated for violent offenses. They completed the Prison Preference Inventory to measure their environmental preferences in areas such as freedom, activity, support, social stimulation, privacy, emotional feedback, structure, and safety. In addition, several current adaptation measures were measured, including depression, anxiety, anger, hopelessness, suicidality, and life quality and satisfaction. Information on disciplinary violations and overall adjustment were collected from records. A global adaptation measure was created from all significantly associated measures, and inmates were divided into good and poor adapters. Results revealed that good and poor adapters had significantly different environmental preference profiles. Good adapters were more likely than poor adapters to prefer activity and social stimulation and less likely to prefer privacy and freedom. Contrary to conventional wisdom, prior psychiatric history did not differentiate the two groups. Tables, notes, and 27 references (Author abstract modified)
Main Term(s): Corrections management
Index Term(s): Criminology; Inmate attitudes; Inmate suicide; New York
To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.