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NCJ Number: 148681 Find in a Library
Title: Juvenile Justice: The Western Australian Experience (From National Conference on Juvenile Justice, P 85-95, 1993, Lynn Atkinson and Sally-Anne Gerull, eds. -- See NCJ- 148673)
Author(s): H Jackson
Date Published: 1993
Page Count: 11
Sponsoring Agency: Australian Institute of Criminology
Canberra ACT, 2601, Australia
Sale Source: Australian Institute of Criminology
GPO Box 2944
Canberra ACT, 2601,
Type: Legislation/Policy Analysis
Language: English
Country: Australia
Annotation: This paper reviews the background for "tough" legislation that targets juvenile offenders in Western Australia and assesses its appropriateness and effectiveness.
Abstract: The public consciousness of Western Australians is that juveniles commit vast amounts of crime. This is accompanied by the public impression that an under-resourced police force is fighting valiantly to do the right thing but is constantly being undermined by "welfare wimps," social workers, and a lenient children's court. Rates of burglary and car theft in Western Australia have been high by national standards. Police car chases and the few escapes from the high-security juvenile detention centers have received a great deal of publicity. By January 29, 1992, a first copy of two draft bills had been prepared to toughen the response to juvenile offenders. The legislation was passed on February 7 to commence on March 9. The legislation is too long and complex to be explained in this paper, but it generally increases the harshness of sentences for juvenile offenders. Although criticized by a number of Federal officials, the legislation has been perceived by the public as "tough" and effective. The official claims of effectiveness, however, are not based in accurate assessments of factors that have influenced crime trends. 16 references
Main Term(s): Juveniles
Index Term(s): Foreign juvenile justice systems; Foreign laws; Juvenile codes; Motor Vehicle Theft
Note: From proceedings of the National Conference on Juvenile Justice, held in Adelaide, Australia, September 22-24, 1992.
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