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NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 
  NCJ Number: NCJ 156232     Find in a Library
  Title: Arson-Homicides: Findings From a National Study
  Document URL: PDF 
  Author(s): A D Sapp ; T G Huff
  Date Published: Unknown
  Page Count: 31
  Annotation: This study was conducted to identify characteristics of arson-homicides and to provide arson and homicide investigators with information on patterns and common characteristics of such crimes.
  Abstract: Data for 183 cases of arson-homicide were obtained from the FBI's Violent Criminal Apprehension Program. The cases were reported from 36 States and the District of Columbia between 1985 and 1994. Only 31 of the cases have been cleared by arrest. The variables examined related to the victim, to the known offenders, and the offense. Tabular data and narrative information are provided on victims' gender and age, cause of death, time of fire injury to victims, location of the arson-homicide, whether the victim was known to the offender, whether there was more than one victim, other crimes associated with the arson-homicides, victim lifestyles, victim-risk factor, and offender lifestyle traits. The authors advise that investigators should note that time of fire injury to the victim's body may provide valuable investigative information. Findings show that burning was post- mortem in 80 percent of female victims, in 60 percent of male victims, in 76 percent of single-victim cases, for 82 percent of high-risk victims, for 79 percent of outdoor locations, and in 64 percent of the cases in which bodies were found indoors. Overall, victim-risk factor may be an important asset to the arson- homicide investigator. In this study, the findings show that victims involved in drugs were killed, for the most part, by offenders who were also involved in drugs. Homosexual offenders killed homosexual victims; transient victims were killed by transient offenders; and alcoholic victims were killed by alcoholic offenders. Suggestions for additional research are offered. 21 tables and a 17-item bibliography
  Main Term(s): Homicide victims
  Index Term(s): Offense statistics ; Criminology ; Investigative techniques ; Homicide investigations ; Arson statistics
  Sponsoring Agency: Federal Bureau of Investigation
US Dept of Justice
United States of America
  Sale Source: Federal Bureau of Investigation
US Dept of Justice
J.Edgar Hoover Building
9th and Pennsylvania Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20535-0001
United States of America

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  Type: Report (Study/Research)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=156232

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