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The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection.
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NCJ Number: NCJ 156434     Find in a Library
Title: Hair Analysis as a Drug Detector, Research in Brief
  Document URL: Text PDF 
  Dataset URL: DATASET 1
Author(s): T Mieczkowski
Corporate Author: University of South Florida
Dept of Criminology
United States of America
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 4
  Series: NIJ Research in Brief
  Annotation: Data from 89 probationers in Florida were analyzed to determine the feasibility and effectiveness of testing hair samples for drug use.
Abstract: Twenty-two correctional officers from divisions of the Florida Department of Corrections Probation Field Services voluntarily participated in the study. Each solicited volunteer probationers who were currently undergoing at least monthly urinalysis. A simple hair collection procedure was added to the officers' appointment routine, but no information on the outcome of the hair assays was used in any aspect of case management. Testing took place over a 6- month period and focused on cocaine, opiates, marijuana, and other drugs. Results revealed that hair analysis is a better indicator than urinalysis of cocaine use over an extended time period and can more accurately identify a chronic drug user. However, urinalysis is better able to measure short- term exposure to cocaine. Urinalysis seems to be a better way to detect opiates, particularly the presence of codeine. Hair assays are designed to detect morphine-based compound. Both hair and urine tests appear to be equally effective in detecting marijuana. Findings indicated that hair and urine testing can complement one another due to their capacity to expose different patterns of drug use. The field officers agreed that hair testing for drugs can be beneficial in their case management efforts and that gathering hair for tests was less difficult than collecting urine samples. Tables
Main Term(s): Corrections management
Index Term(s): Probationers ; Urinalysis ; Hair and fiber analysis ; Drug testing ; Florida
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
United States of America
Grant Number: 92-IJ-CX-K010
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Survey
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: NIJ Research in Brief
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