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NCJ Number: 156577 Find in a Library
Title: Crime, Police, and Root Causes
Author(s): W A Niskanen
Corporate Author: Cato Institute
United States of America
Date Published: 1994
Page Count: 22
Sponsoring Agency: Cato Institute
Washington, DC 20001-5403
Sale Source: Cato Institute
1000 Massachusetts Avenue, NW
Washington, DC 20001-5403
United States of America
Type: Survey
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: The relationships between crime rates and the level of police resources were statistically examined, controlling for the major conditions that affect each variable.
Abstract: Results revealed that crime in the United States is much higher than that reported to police but has probably not increased over the past 20 years. An increase in police appears to have no significant effect on the actual rate of violent crime and a roughly proportional negative effect on the actual rate of property crime. Crime rates are strongly affected by economic conditions and are also affected by demographic and cultural conditions. The demand for police and corrections employees is a negative function of the average salary of public employees, a positive function of per capita income and Federal aid, and a positive function of the crime rates. Findings suggest that because we have so little knowledge of how to reduce crime, we should decentralize decisions on crime prevention and control, beginning with repeal of the 1994 Federal crime law. Tables and reference notes
Main Term(s): Police statistics
Index Term(s): Crime patterns; Crime Statistics; Criminology
Note: Policy Analysis, N 218
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