skip navigation

Add your conference to our Justice Events calendar


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

  NCJ Number: NCJ 160937     Find in a Library
  Title: Community-Backed Anti-Drug Tax: COMBAT in Jackson County, Missouri
  Document URL: Text PDF 
  Author(s): G Mills
  Date Published: 1996
  Page Count: 15
  Series: NIJ Program Focus
  Annotation: When residents of Kansas City and other areas of Jackson County, Missouri, felt they were losing their neighborhoods to drugs and drug-related crimes, they enacted a sales tax in 1989 to fund a broad-based attack against drugs.
  Abstract: The Community-Backed Anti-Drug Tax, known as COMBAT, was originally set to expire in 1997, but 71 percent of the voters supported a second referendum in 1995 to renew the tax for another 7 years. Although other States have used taxes or given counties the authority to use taxes for antidrug programs, COMBAT has several distinctive features: (1) full range of prevention, treatment, and law enforcement activities; (2) centralized administrative structure; (3) focus on jailing dangerous criminals and drug dealers, with money earmarked to support police investigations, prosecution, circuit court, and corrections; (4) treatment of nonviolent offenders who honestly want to overcome their dependency; and (5) drug prevention programs for children. Indications of COMBAT's accomplishments include partnerships among agencies and across geographic boundaries, greater sensitivity and responsiveness to neighborhood concerns, better coordination between treatment providers and criminal justice system agencies, and success in gaining the cooperation and vigilance of community residents. As part of COMBAT, the Jackson County prosecuting attorney's office is developing data systems to assess program client needs and to monitor program service effectiveness. 6 notes, 1 exhibit, 1 figure, and 2 photographs
  Main Term(s): Drug prevention programs
  Index Term(s): Drug Related Crime ; Tax effects on crime ; Missouri
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
United States of America
  Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
  Type: Program/Project Evaluation
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  Note: National Institute of Justice Program Focus
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.