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NCJ Number: NCJ 165476     Find in a Library
Title: Guns in America: National Survey on Private Ownership and Use of Firearms, Research in Brief
  Document URL: Text PDF 
  Dataset URL: DATASET 1
Author(s): P J Cook ; J Ludwig
Date Published: 1997
Page Count: 12
  Series: NIJ Research in Brief
  Annotation: To learn more about private ownership and use of firearms by American adults, the National Institute of Justice sponsored a nationally representative telephone survey in 1994 to obtain information on the size, composition, and ownership of the private gun inventory; methods of and reasons for firearms acquisition; storage and carrying of guns; and defensive use of firearms against criminal attackers.
Abstract: In 1994, 44 million Americans owned 192 million firearms, 65 million of which were handguns. Although there were enough guns to provide every U.S. adult with one, only 25 percent of adults actually owned firearms; 74 percent of gun owners possessed two or more. Of handgun owners, 68 percent also possessed at least one rifle or shotgun. Gun ownership was highest among middle- aged, college-educated people in rural areas. Whites were substantially more likely to own guns than blacks, and blacks were more likely to own guns than Hispanics. The most common reason for owning firearms was recreation, followed by protection against crime. About 60 percent of gun acquisitions involved federally licensed dealers. About 211,000 handguns and 382,000 long guns were stolen in noncommercial thefts in 1994. Slightly more than half of all privately owned firearms were stored unlocked; 16 percent of firearms were stored unlocked and loaded. In 1994, about 14 million adults carried a firearm in their vehicles or on their person for protection. 17 notes and 8 exhibits
Main Term(s): Criminology
Index Term(s): Black/African Americans ; Weapons Violations/Offenses ; Theft offenses ; Caucasian/White Americans ; Residential security ; Statistics ; Handguns ; Hispanic Americans ; Personal Security/Self Protection ; Citizen gun ownership ; Citizen gun use ; Shotguns ; Weapon carrying ; NIJ grant-related documents
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
United States of America
Grant Number: 93-IJ-CX-0017
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Survey
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: National Institute of Justice Research in Brief (May 1997)
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