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NCJ Number: NCJ 167665     Find in a Library
Title: Effects of Gun Seizures on Gun Violence: "Hot Spots" Patrol in Kansas City
Author(s): L W Sherman ; D P Rogan
  Journal: Justice Quarterly  Volume:12  Issue:4  Dated:(December 1995)  Pages:673-693
Date Published: 1995
Page Count: 21
  Annotation: The authors tested the hypothesis that greater enforcement of existing laws against carrying concealed weapons would reduce firearms violence in Kansas City, Missouri.
Abstract: Using a quasi-experimental target beat/comparison beat design, data were obtained over a 6-month period in a 10 x 8 block area of Kansas City with a homicide rate 20 times higher than the national average. It was found that intensive police patrol near gun crime hot spots produced a 65-percent increase in the number of firearms seized by the police. Gun-related crimes declined in the target area by 49 percent, with no significant displacement to patrol beats surrounding the target area. Neither gun-related crimes nor guns seized significantly changed in the comparison beat several miles away. Further research is recommended to see if similar results can be obtained in other geographic areas and to determine if cities without Federal funding can obtain comparable results with fewer police patrol hours. 29 references, 7 footnotes, 3 tables, and 4 figures
Main Term(s): Patrol
Index Term(s): Police effectiveness ; Municipal police ; Gun Control ; Weapons Violations/Offenses ; Urban area studies ; Crime prevention measures ; Crime displacement ; Police crime-prevention ; High crime areas ; Firearm-crime relationships ; Violence prevention ; NIJ grant-related documents ; Missouri
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
United States of America
Grant Number: 91-DD-CX-K056
Type: Research (Applied/Empirical)
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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