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NCJ Number: NCJ 172828     Find in a Library
Title: New Directions From the Field: Victims' Rights and Services for the 21st Century - International Perspectives
  Document URL: Text PDF 
Corporate Author: Office for Victims of Crime
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Date Published: 1998
Page Count: 12
  Annotation: Because crime victimization has become an international epidemic, victim assistance must be an international antidote and the central feature of a universal strategy to prevent victimization.
Abstract: Victimology is increasingly recognized as an international field of research and action because crime and victimization have become transnational and countries must look beyond their boundaries to share information, technology, and resources to assist victims. Crime particularly affects urban populations in all parts of the world, and countries can learn a great deal from each other about ways to address crime victim needs. International recognition of victimology as a distinct branch of criminology came with the first International Symposium on Victimology, held in Jerusalem in 1973, where a series of papers on victim compensation, crisis intervention, and the concept of a victim ombudsman were presented. By the end of the 1970s, symposium ideas were reflected in the establishment of victim service programs such as rape crisis centers, domestic violence shelters, and victim-witness units in several countries. During the past two decades, the United Nations has addressed the needs of crime victims at the international level, particularly through the Declaration of Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power. Emerging issues in international victim assistance are considered, such as the victimization of tourists, victim compensation, international terrorism, the commercial sexual exploitation of children, and child abduction by parents. Recommendations from the field for international victim assistance are offered. 11 endnotes
Main Term(s): Victim services
Index Term(s): Victim compensation ; Victimology ; Crisis intervention ; Victimization ; International cooperation ; Child Abduction ; Child Sexual Abuse ; Victim/Witness Advocates ; International terrorism ; United Nations standards
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Country: United States of America
Language: English
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