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NCJ Number: NCJ 173772   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Multistate Study of Convenience Store Robberies
  Document URL: PDF 
  Dataset URL: DATASET 1
Author(s): C F Wellford ; J MacDonald ; J C Weiss ; T Bynum ; R Friedmann ; R McManus ; A Petrosino
Date Published: 1997
Page Count: 83
  Annotation: This multistate study of convenience store robberies indicated that the number of clerks on duty was not a significant factor in explaining whether convenience store robberies resulted in injury and that interaction between victim and offender was far more important.
Abstract: The five States involved in the study had previously conducted research to estimate the probability of convenience store robberies in their jurisdictions and the extent of injury. Interviews with 148 offenders and 80 victims showed that clerks apparently believed there was little they could do to prevent robberies and injuries during robberies. In this regard, clerk responses paralleled those of robbers in that they believed only the presence of police or security could reduce the likelihood of robbery and injury. Certain factors appeared to influence offenders in the selection of convenience stores to rob, but data suggested a very simple selection process guided primarily by offender perceptions of the existence of "place guardians" in the particular location. Traditional environmental design elements were not identified by victims or offenders as factors in the occurrence of robberies. The notion that repeat and novice convenience store robbers differed in their selection of locations and motivation for committing robberies was not supported by the data. Offender planning for convenience store robberies was minimal, offenders were motivated by the need for money and drugs, and offender behavior after robberies was poorly planned. Implications of the findings for crime prevention efforts and robbery theories are discussed. Appendixes contain victim and offender interview instruments and data. 38 references and 9 tables
Main Term(s): Police crime-prevention
Index Term(s): Robbery ; Business security ; Convenience store security ; Criminal justice research ; Robbery control programs ; NIJ grant-related documents
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America

US Dept of Justice NIJ Pub
United States of America
Grant Number: 94-IJ-CX-0037
Sale Source: Justice Research and Statistics Association
10 G Street N.E., Suite 710
Washington, DC 20002
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: Dataset may be archived by the NIJ Data Resources Program at the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
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