skip navigation

Add your conference to our Justice Events calendar


Register for Latest Research

Stay Informed
Register with NCJRS to receive NCJRS's biweekly e-newsletter JUSTINFO and additional periodic emails from NCJRS and the NCJRS federal sponsors that highlight the latest research published or sponsored by the Office of Justice Programs.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

  NCJ Number: NCJ 178992     Find in a Library
  Title: Violence After School
  Document URL: HTML PDF 
  Author(s): Howard N. Snyder ; Melissa Sickmund
  Corporate Author: National Juvenile Court Data Archive
United States of America
  Date Published: 11/1999
  Page Count: 8
  Series: OJJDP National Report Series
  Annotation: Data from the Juvenile Offenders and Victims: 1999 National Report document the need for schools and communities to develop strategies for reducing juvenile violence during the hour just after students leave school.
  Abstract: Data indicate that violent crimes by juveniles peak in the afternoon between 3 p.m. and 4 p.m.; this occurs only on school days. The time pattern of juvenile violent crimes on nonschool days is similar to that of adults, with a gradual increase during the afternoon and evening hours, a peak between 8 p.m. and 10 p.m., and a decline thereafter. The most likely hour of a school day for a juvenile to commit a sexual assault is between 3 p.m. and 4 p.m.; more than one in seven sexual assaults by juveniles occur in the 4 hours between 3 p.m. and 7 p.m. on school days. Data also show that juveniles are at the highest risk of being victims of violence at the end of the school day. These findings on the time patterns for juvenile crime and victimization suggest that after-school programs have more potential for juvenile crime reduction than juvenile curfews that target late-night crimes by juveniles. Strategies that might be pursued include flexible work schedules that would permit parents to provide more direct supervision during the crucial hours just after school closes. Further, local school districts and communities should consider initiating or expanding recreational, sports, employment, mentoring, tutoring, arts, and homework programs as positive alternatives to unsupervised time in a youth's day. 16 figures and 1 table
  Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency prevention
  Index Term(s): Violent crimes ; Violent juvenile offenders ; Juvenile crime patterns ; Violence prevention
  Sponsoring Agency: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
US Dept of Justice
United States of America
  Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse/NCJRS
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
  Type: Statistics
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  Note: From the 1999 National Report Series
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

*A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's website is provided. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Library and Abstracts Database - send us your feedback.