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NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 
  NCJ Number: NCJ 181956     Find in a Library
  Title: Development of the Human Y Chromosome as a Forensic Tool, Final Progress Report
  Document URL: PDF 
  Author(s): Michael F. Hammer ; Susan D. Narveson
  Date Published: 2000
  Page Count: 9
  Annotation: This study was conducted to develop a set of male-specific markers for use in forensic typing laboratories.
  Abstract: Main study goals were to identify a set of polymorphic markers mapping to the nonrecombining portion of the Y chromosome (NRY) that are robust in forensic analysis; to develop detailed protocols for high throughput, fluorescence-based typing of these markers; and to establish an NRY database for U.S. population groups. Several tri-, tetra-, and penta-nucleotide repeats exhibited robust amplification without artifactual banding and did not produce high- frequency alleles in all populations. Toward the goal of establishing an NRY polymorphism database, the researchers genotyped five Y-micro-satellites in a panel of 1,141 individuals representing 5 U.S. population groups (Southwest Hispanic, Caucasian, African American, Native American, and East Asian) and 15 populations from Asia, Europe, and the Americas. Six additional Y-micro-satellites were genotyped in a subset of the U.S. population groups. All 1,141 individuals were also genotyped at 31 bi-allelic polymorphisms on the NRY. The NRY was useful in identifying population-specific Y-chromosome haplotypes, while Y-micro-satellites and combination haplotypes provided a high degree of individualization among male lineages within populations. Results demonstrated the importance of considering the potential impact of both population structure and admixture among U.S. groups on the statistical analysis of Y-chromosome forensic data. 8 references, 7 tables, and 3 figures
  Main Term(s): Police research
  Index Term(s): Crime Laboratories (Crime Labs) ; Black/African Americans ; Male offenders ; Evidence identification and analysis ; Biological influences ; Caucasian/White Americans ; American Indians ; Criminal investigation ; Criminalistics ; Hispanic Americans ; Asian Americans ; Forensics/Forensic Sciences ; US/foreign comparisons ; DNA fingerprinting ; NIJ grant-related documents ; Latin America ; Europe ; Asia ; United States of America
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Grant Number: 97-LB-VX-0010
  Sale Source: University of Arizona
Tucson, AZ 85721
United States of America

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Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
  Type: Report (Technical)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=181956

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