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NCJRS Celebrates National Library Week April 12-18

National Library Week

Started in 1958, National Library Week is a nationwide observance celebrated by all types of libraries - including the NCJRS Virtual Library. NCJRS invites you to explore the breadth and scope of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection and services. With more than 220,000 collection documents and 60,000 online resources, including all known Office of Justice Programs works, it is one of the world’s largest criminal justice special collections.

We encourage your Feedback. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Virtual Library and Abstracts Database, how you access the collection, and any ways we can improve our services.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection.
To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database.

How to Obtain Documents
NCJ Number: NCJ 188069     Find in a Library
Title: Pepper Spray's Effects on a Suspect's Ability to Breathe, Research in Brief
  Document URL: Text PDF 
Author(s): Theodore C. Chan ; Gary M. Vilke ; Jack Clausen ; Richard Clark ; Paul Schmidt ; Thomas Snowden ; Tom Neuman
Corporate Author: University of California, San Diego School of Medicine and Medical Ctr
United States of America
Date Published: 2001
Page Count: 8
  Series: NIJ Research in Brief
  Annotation: This research brief reported on a medical research study at the University of California-San Diego, investigating whether Oleoresin Capsicum (OC), the active ingredient in pepper spray, by itself or in combination with positional restraint caused, respiratory damage that could lead to injury or death.
Abstract: This research assessed the cardiovascular effects of a commercial OC spray that is widely used by law enforcement agencies. It also examined the effect of spray and positional restraint on blood pressure and how the effects of OC were influenced by other factors such as body weight, size, asthma, pulmonary diseases, inhaler, or a history of smoking. The study concluded that, in a laboratory setting, OC spray inhalation, combined with positional restraint, posed no significant risks in terms of respiratory and pulmonary complications. The authors of the brief believed this study should reassure law enforcement personnel that it would be clinically safe to employ forceful measures when necessary and that relations between local agencies and communities would improve through knowledge that enforcement techniques like the use of OC spray had been rigorously tested. Lastly, they thought that for public policy, this study would provide a scientific basis for finding safer methods of restraint and for assessing force techniques and custody restraint methods. 6 graphs, 3 notes, glossary, and reading suggestions
Main Term(s): Police research ; Oleoresin Capsicum (OC)/Pepper Spray
Index Term(s): Less Lethal/ Nonlethal Weapons ; Chemical irritants
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Issue Overview
Country: United States of America
Language: English
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

* A link to the full-text document is provided whenever possible. For documents not available online, a link to the publisher's web site is provided.