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NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

  NCJ Number: NCJ 189729     Find in a Library
  Title: Person Offenses in Juvenile Court, 1989-1998
  Document URL: Text PDF 
  Author(s): Meghan C. Black
  Date Published: 08/2001
  Page Count: 2
  Annotation: This report presents national data on person offenses (assault, robbery, rape, and homicide) in juvenile courts for 1989-98, including data on offender characteristics and case processing.
  Abstract: In 1998 U.S. juvenile courts handled an estimated 403,800 delinquency cases in which the most serious charge was an offense against a person. The 1998 person-offense caseload was 88 percent greater than in 1989. Person-offense cases accounted for 23 percent of all delinquency cases in 1998, compared with 18 percent in 1989. The person-offense case rate increased 64 percent between 1989 and 1998. In contrast, the case rate for property offenses decreased 4 percent between 1989 and 1998. Homicide was the most serious charge in 2,000 cases handled in 1998, less than 0.5 percent of all person-offense cases handled by juvenile courts in 1998. Compared with 1989, juveniles involved in person-offense cases in 1998 were younger and more likely to be female. In 1998, 64 percent of person-offense cases involved juveniles younger than 16 years old, compared with 62 percent in 1989. Females were involved in 28 percent of person-offense cases in 1998, compared with 20 percent in 1989. Of the 403,800 person-offense cases disposed by U.S. juvenile courts in 1998, 59 percent were handled formally. Of these petitioned cases, slightly more than 1 percent were waived to the criminal justice system; more than half (61 percent) were formally adjudicated delinquent in the juvenile justice system, and 38 percent were petitioned but not adjudicated delinquent. In 27 percent of the 143,800 person-offense cases formally adjudicated by juvenile courts in 1998, the most severe disposition imposed by the court was placement out of the home in a residential facility. Probation was ordered in 58 percent of the cases, and 9 percent resulted in other sanctions. 2 tables and 1 figure
  Main Term(s): Juvenile court statistics
  Index Term(s): Juvenile processing ; Violent crimes ; Crimes against persons ; Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) ; Offender profiles ; Violent juvenile offenders ; Juvenile sentencing
  Sponsoring Agency: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
US Dept of Justice
United States of America
  Publication Number: FS-200132
  Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse/NCJRS
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
  Type: Statistics
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
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