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NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

  NCJ Number: NCJ 190338     Find in a Library
  Title: Delinquency Cases Waived to Criminal Court, 1989-1998
  Document URL: Text PDF 
  Author(s): Charles M. Puzzanchera
  Date Published: 09/2001
  Page Count: 2
  Annotation: This document provides statistics on delinquency cases waived to criminal court from 1989 to 1998 in the United States.
  Abstract: All States have set an upper age of original jurisdiction for juvenile courts (age 15, 16, or 17). However, all States have legal mechanisms that enable them, under certain circumstances, to try youth in criminal court as if they were adults. Some States automatically exclude cases from juvenile court that meet specific age and offense criteria, while others allow prosecutors to file certain juvenile cases directly in criminal court. In all but four States, a juvenile court judge is authorized to waive the juvenile court’s original jurisdiction over cases that meet certain criteria and refer them to criminal court for prosecution. In 1998, courts with juvenile jurisdiction handled nearly 1.8 million delinquency cases. More than half of these cases were handled formally (a petition was filed requesting an adjudication or waiver hearing). The number of delinquency cases judicially waived to criminal court peaked in 1994 with 12,100 cases. This represented a 51 percent increase over the number of cases waived in 1989. Since 1994, however, the number of cases waived to criminal court has declined 33 percent, representing less than one percent of the formally processed delinquency caseload. The proportion of formally processed cases waived to criminal court varied by category of offense, with drug offense cases more likely to be waived from 1989 through 1992. From 1993 to 1997, formally processed person offense cases were more likely to be judicially waived than cases involving other offenses. Prior to 1992, waived cases involving property offenses outnumbered those involving person offenses. This trend reversed in 1993, as person offense cases accounted for a greater proportion of the waived caseload than property offense cases. From 1989 through 1998, the number of judicially waived cases involving Black youth decreased 13 percent compared with a 12 percent increase for white youth. Person offense cases made up the largest share of the waived caseload for Black youth from 1990 through 1998. Property offense cases constituted the largest share for white youth each year from 1989 through 1998.
  Main Term(s): Juvenile court waiver ; Juvenile court statistics
  Index Term(s): Juvenile courts ; Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) ; Juvenile statistics ; Juvenile court judicial discretion ; Juvenile court jurisdiction ; Juvenile offense statistics ; Juvenile delinquents
  Sponsoring Agency: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
US Dept of Justice
United States of America
  Publication Number: FS-200135
  Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Juvenile Justice Clearinghouse/NCJRS
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
  Type: Statistics
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
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