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NCJRS Celebrates National Library Week April 12-18

National Library Week

Started in 1958, National Library Week is a nationwide observance celebrated by all types of libraries - including the NCJRS Virtual Library. NCJRS invites you to explore the breadth and scope of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection and services. With more than 220,000 collection documents and 60,000 online resources, including all known Office of Justice Programs works, it is one of the world’s largest criminal justice special collections.

We encourage your Feedback. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Virtual Library and Abstracts Database, how you access the collection, and any ways we can improve our services.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection.
To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database.

How to Obtain Documents
 
NCJ Number: NCJ 191765     Find in a Library
Title: Urban Survival Syndrome: A New Defense
Author(s): George W. Clarke
  Journal: Law Enforcement Quarterly  Volume:30  Issue:2  Dated:Summer 2001  Pages:16 to 17
Date Published: 2001
Page Count: 2
  Annotation: This article examines the defense of "urban survival syndrome," which argues that daily life in the battleground of many inner cities leads to a condition not unlike one already recognized in both psychological and psychiatric experience, i.e., posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
Abstract: Criteria for a diagnosis of PTSD are either experiencing or closely observing a life-threatening incident; repeated re-experiencing of the event in one of a number of means; and habitual evasion of stimuli related to the incident or numbing responsiveness to various events normally associated with life. Prosecutors must be prepared to address a defense of PTSD by becoming familiar with the details of the offense; the condition and background of the offender; and the nature, extent, and meaning of the asserted disorder. Crime investigation should include as many witnesses as possible who can describe the actions of the defendant before, during, and after the offenses. Crime scene examination and reconstruction, as well as a wide variety of scientific evidence, must be used to glean as much information as possible regarding the events that occurred. Prior medical and mental examinations of the defendant, if available, are essential to equip both the prosecutor and consulting expert to rebut any spurious mental or pseudo-psychological defense.
Main Term(s): Court procedures
Index Term(s): Social conditions ; Defense ; Prosecution ; Urban criminality ; Post-trauma stress disorder ; Psychological influences on crime
Type: Instructional Material
Country: United States of America
Language: English
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=191765

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