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NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 
  NCJ Number: NCJ 192282   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
  Title: Developing Criteria for Model External DNA Proficiency Testing, Final Report
  Document URL: PDF 
  Author(s): Joseph L. Peterson ; R. E. Gaensslen
  Corporate Author: University of Illinois at Chicago
United States of America
  Date Published: 05/2001
  Page Count: 259
  Annotation: This project involved the appointment and use of a National Forensic DNA Review Panel (NFDRP) to explore alternative strategies for a potential blind proficiency testing program for forensic DNA testing laboratories in the United States and to conduct limited blind proficiency tests in a selected sample of forensic DNA testing laboratories to assist in determining the overall feasibility of a national program.
  Abstract: The NFDRP consisted of 20 members, including most of the members of the DNA Advisory Board at the time the project was initiated, as well as 6 other persons who represented interested groups and organizations. The project was divided into two principal phases. Phase 1 involved an initial survey of forensic DNA testing laboratories and law enforcement agencies that submit evidence to them. The literature review was begun in Phase 1 and completed in Phase 2. Phase 2 included a number of tasks designed to help answer some of the questions raised in the advisory panel's discussions, so as to help guide future policymakers on questions about a national blind testing program. These activities included a round of additional blind testing, a closer consideration of the reanalysis program, an estimate of the fraction of worked DNA cases that were reviewed/reanalyzed, and the extent to which original evidence items were still available in worked DNA cases that had been adjudicated. The project showed that blind proficiency testing is possible, although it is not successful in every trial. Compared with open testing, it is more complex and significantly more expensive. It also tests more components of a laboratory system; whereas, open proficiency testing primarily tests the accuracy of analytical results. The project also demonstrated that moderately more complex evidence that required more than perfunctory judgment by analysts can be replicated and manufactured successfully. Among project recommendations is that a national blind proficiency testing program be deferred for now until it is clearer how well implementation of project recommendations for appropriate quality-assurance guidelines are serving the same purposes as blind proficiency testing. 23 figures, 20 tables, and appended supplementary information and survey instruments
  Main Term(s): Science and Technology
  Index Term(s): Testing and measurement ; Forensics/Forensic Sciences ; DNA fingerprinting ; NIJ final report
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Grant Number: 96-DN-VX-0001
  Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

University of Illinois at Chicago
Chicago, IL 60680
United States of America
  Type: Report (Study/Research)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=192282

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