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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 194713     Find in a Library
  Title: Effects of Crime Gun Prevalence on Homicide Rates
  Document URL: PDF 
  Dataset URL: DATASET 1
  Author(s): Jacqueline Cohen ; John Engberg ; Piyusha Singh
  Corporate Author: Carnegie Mellon University
H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management
United States of America
  Date Published: 1999
  Page Count: 36
  Annotation: This study examined the influence of "crime gun" prevalence on the risk of homicide.
  Abstract: Largely because of data limitations, previous research on firearms and violence relied primarily on indicators of the general prevalence of guns. These measures, however, included a substantial number of guns that were never involved in criminal incidents; this can distort the relationship of the prevalence of guns to crime. The current study focused on the impact of "crime guns" on homicide rates. A "crime gun" is defined as "any firearm that is readily available for criminal use." In this study, the prevalence of "crime guns" was measured by stolen-gun reports and reports of "shots-fired" incidents. The study relied exclusively on homicides as the measure of violence, with attention to the types of homicide most likely to be perpetrated by "crime guns." The study found strong neighborhood variations in both the prevalence of "crime guns" and the levels of homicide, with higher homicide rates in the same areas as higher levels of "crime gun" incidents. This cross-sectional relationship, however, may reflect general neighborhood differences in the propensity to violence. Going beyond a simple cross-sectional relationship, the study relied on a hazard model to estimate changes in the homicide risks in different neighborhoods as levels of "crime gun" prevalence changed. The study found evidence of a link between the prevalence of "crime guns" in a neighborhood and selected types of homicides, specifically homicides by gun, those involving youth (ages 12 to 24), and gang-motivated homicides. No similar effect was found for other types of homicides. 8 tables, 4 figures, and a 27-item bibliography
  Main Term(s): Victims of violence
  Index Term(s): Illicit firearms ; Homicide causes ; Firearm-crime relationships ; NIJ grant-related documents ; Pennsylvania
  Sponsoring Agency: Alfred P. Sloan Foundation
United States of America

National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Grant Number: 95-IJ-CX-0005; 95-IJ-CX-0075
  Sale Source: Carnegie Mellon University
H. John Heinz III School of Public Policy and Management
Pittsburgh, PA 15213
United States of America
  Type: Report (Study/Research)
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  Note: Dataset may be archived by the NIJ Data Resources Program at the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

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