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NCJ Number: NCJ 195172     Find in a Library
Title: Crime, Coercion, and Community: The Effects of Arrest and Incarceration Policies on Informal Social Control in Neighborhoods, Executive Summary
Author(s): James P. Lynch ; William J. Sabol ; Michael Planty ; Mary Shelley
Corporate Author: The Urban Institute
United States of America
Date Published: 04/2002
Page Count: 18
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 98-CE-VX-0004
Sale Source: The Urban Institute
2100 M Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20037
United States of America

NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Document: PDF 
Dataset: DATASET 1
Publisher: http://www.urban.org 
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This report contributes to an understanding of the role of criminal justice policy in building and maintaining communities by directly examining the effects of arrest and incarceration policies on 30 Baltimore, Maryland neighborhoods over a 10 year period.
Abstract: This work built upon the existing relevant literature by directly addressing the issue of how aggressive arrest and incarceration policies affect community organization and ultimately the willingness of area residents to engage in informal social control or collective action. Data were obtained from four primary sources that are part of a larger study examining crime, coercion, and the community. Ralph Taylor collected one data set in his study of Baltimore neighborhoods to examine the relationship between crime and social organization in communities in 1982 and 1994. The data included aggregate community level information on demographics, socioeconomic attributes, and crime rates. In addition, residents were interviewed about community attachment, cohesiveness, participation, satisfaction, and experiences with crime and self-protection. The police data included both the offenses recorded by the police as well as arrests made by the police. The data cover incident-level offenses and arrest data for 1987 and 1992. Other data included all of the admissions to and releases from prison in neighborhoods in Baltimore City and Baltimore County for 1982 to 2000. Based on the model used and the data collected and analyzed under the model, this study concluded that increasing arrests or incarceration in a neighborhood had a small positive effect on participation in informal social control by residents. When adjustments were made for technical peculiarities in the data, however, these effects became insignificant. Increases in arrest rates were not associated with decreases in neighborhood crime rates, and both arrest and incarceration had negative effects on other aspects of participation in communities. They were associated with lower levels of participation in voluntary organizations and lower levels of attachment to communities. These results suggest that in considering the effect of coercion on communities, the negative effects should also be considered in addition to the positive effects. Before more coercive programs can be prescribed, more work must be done to determine factors related to both the positive and negative effects of coercion on the community. Suggestions are offered for future research. 3 tables and 37 references
Main Term(s): Police effectiveness
Index Term(s): Arrest and apprehension ; Effects of imprisonment ; Community involvement ; Crime control policies ; Informal social control ; NIJ grant-related documents ; Maryland
Note: For the full report, see NCJ-195170.
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=195172

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