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NCJ Number: NCJ 199477     Find in a Library
Title: State Legislative Approaches to Funding for Victims' Services
  Document URL: HTML PDF 
Corporate Author: National Ctr for Victims of Crime
United States of America
Date Published: 12/2003
Page Count: 7
  Series: OVC Others
  Annotation: This overview describes the major State legislative approaches for creating sources of funding for crime victim assistance.
Abstract: The overview first discusses offender-based funding. The discussion notes that nearly every State has some form of general offender assessment, penalty, or surcharge that all convicted offenders must pay. This money may go to the State's victim services, victim compensation, or be divided between the two. Topics discussed under this funding source are the amount of surcharges, surcharges for specific crimes, and other forms of offender penalties (e.g., inmate earnings and surplus restitution). A discussion of current issues related to offender-based funding focuses on the enforcement of surcharges and competition for limited government funds. The second funding source discussed is funding through fees. States have imposed nonoffender-based fees for certain services in order to fund crime victim programs; for example, many States add a surcharge when issuing a marriage license; the money is used to fund domestic violence or child abuse programs. Fees may be attached to divorce filings, the issuing of birth certificates, and the reinstatement of a driver's license. A third funding source is State-facilitated funding by private citizens. These funding sources include personal income taxes, special license plate income, and jurors' donation of their fees. Miscellaneous funding sources briefly described are local property taxes, urban action bonds, food and beverage taxes, and sales of inmate arts and crafts. 65 notes
Main Term(s): Victim services
Index Term(s): State laws ; Funding sources ; State government
Sponsoring Agency: Office for Victims of Crime
US Dept of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 1999-VF-GX-K007
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

OVC Resource Ctr
P.O. Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America
Type: Legislation/Policy Description
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: OVC Legal Series Bulletin #9; downloaded January 6, 2004.
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