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NCJ Number: NCJ 203978   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Stress and Job Satisfaction in an Urban Sheriff's Department: Contributions of Work and Family History, Community-Oriented Policing and Job Assignment
Author(s): Carole Barnes Ph.D. ; Joseph Sheley Ph.D. ; Valory Logsdon ; Sandra Sutherland
Corporate Author: Institute for Social Research
United States of America
Date Published: 06/2003
Page Count: 177
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 1999-FS-VX-0004
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

Institute for Social Research
California State University, Sacramento
6000 J Street
Sacramento, CA 95819-6101
United States of America
Document: PDF 
Type: Report (Study/Research)
Language: English
Country: United States of America
Annotation: This study examined the relationship between stress and job satisfaction among corrections officers, patrol officers, and detectives in an urban sheriff’s department.
Abstract: Job-related stress is costly for employers due to time off work, high turnover, and loss of productivity. Prior research has indicated that job-related stress is especially high among law enforcement and correctional officers. This study sought to add to this research literature by examining how stress and job satisfaction were related to work history, family history, relationship variables, and demographic characteristics. Also under examination was how community oriented policing (COP) contributed to both stress and job satisfaction. Questionnaires were distributed to officers and their spouses. Respondents included 428 patrol officers, 260 corrections officers, and 151 detectives of the Sacramento County Police Department. Levels of job-related stress were measured through self-reported feelings of difficulty, frustration, and concern. Job satisfaction was measured through an examination of structure of the job, policies and resources, compensation, diversity of tasks, supervision, promotions, training, and employee relationships. Results indicate that on average, the officers in this study spent about half of their careers in corrections assignments and about one-third of their careers in patrol assignments. A comparison of corrections officers and patrol officers revealed that, while the two jobs engendered many similarities in terms of stress and satisfaction, differences were noted in promotions and injury claims. Corrections officers reported feeling more satisfied with promotions and had fewer injury claims than patrol officers. Many more differences were found based on the gender of the officer, with female corrections officers reporting more satisfaction with their job than female patrol officers. A comparison of detectives with other officers revealed that detectives experienced more satisfaction with all aspects of their job, which was expected given their greater autonomy, greater task variety, and higher pay. Finally, involvement in COP was highly correlated with job satisfaction among patrol officers, although this varied by the amount of importance placed on COP by the department. Variables that measured family history and relationships had little impact on job-related stress and satisfaction. Generally, the results revealed that officers with more years in the department, sergeants, and female officers were less satisfied and more stressed in many of the areas under examination. The use of support and assistance programs by officers and their spouses is described. Tables, figures, bibliography, appendix
Main Term(s): Police occupational stress ; Correctional officer stress
Index Term(s): Job pressure ; Family histories ; Police job task analysis ; Community policing ; California
Note: Dataset may be archived by the NIJ Data Resources Program at the National Archive of Criminal Justice Data
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=203978

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