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NCJRS Celebrates National Library Week April 12-18

National Library Week

Started in 1958, National Library Week is a nationwide observance celebrated by all types of libraries - including the NCJRS Virtual Library. NCJRS invites you to explore the breadth and scope of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection and services. With more than 220,000 collection documents and 60,000 online resources, including all known Office of Justice Programs works, it is one of the world’s largest criminal justice special collections.

We encourage your Feedback. Tell us how you use the NCJRS Virtual Library and Abstracts Database, how you access the collection, and any ways we can improve our services.

NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection.
To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database.

How to Obtain Documents
NCJ Number: NCJ 208706     Find in a Library
Title: Truth in Sentencing and State Sentencing Practices
  Document URL: HTML PDF 
  Dataset URL: DATASET 1
Author(s): Katherine J. Rosich ; Kamala M. Kane
  Journal: National Institute of Justice Journal  Issue:252  Dated:July 2005  Pages:18 to 21
Date Published: 07/2005
Page Count: 4
  Series: NIJ Journal
  Annotation: This NIJ-funded study examined the effects of Federal truth-in-sentencing (TIS) legislation on State TIS reforms and of selected State TIS policies on prison populations.
Abstract: Truth in sentencing refers to practices designed to reduce the apparent disparity between court-imposed sentences and the time offenders actually serve in prison. Federal legislation passed in 1994 as part of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act and amended in 1996 aimed to promote TIS reform by providing States with grants to expand their prison capacity if they imposed TIS requirements on violent offenders. The study reported in this article focused on whether States incorporated TIS into their laws; and, if so, to what extent the Federal TIS incentive Grant Program influenced reforms. Although many States had enacted TIS laws, the study concluded there was limited Federal influence on State TIS policies. State TIS reforms typically predated the Federal legislation or were incremental adjustments to existing practices. Another issue addressed in the study was whether State TIS practices helped produce changes in prison populations. The study found that State TIS practices generally increased the expected length of incarceration time, but these increases were rarely the main contributor to prison population increases. Changes in crime rates, arrest, and prison admissions tended to be more influential than TIS in lengthening actual prison terms. 2 notes
Main Term(s): Court procedures
Index Term(s): Sentencing/Sanctions ; State laws ; Sentencing reform ; Sentencing trends ; Federal legislation ; NIJ grant-related documents
Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
Grant Number: 98-CE-VX-0006
Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
Type: Report (Study/Research) ; Legislation/Policy Analysis
Country: United States of America
Language: English
Note: This article is based on "Influences of Truth-in-Sentencing Reforms on Changes in States' Sentencing Practices and Prison Populations," by William J. Sabol, Katherine J. Rosich, Kamala Mallik Kane, David Kirk, and Glenn Dubin.
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

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