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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: NCJ 208706     Find in a Library
  Title: Truth in Sentencing and State Sentencing Practices
  Document URL: HTML PDF 
  Dataset URL: DATASET 1
  Author(s): Katherine J. Rosich ; Kamala M. Kane
  Journal: National Institute of Justice Journal  Issue:252  Dated:July 2005  Pages:18 to 21
  Date Published: 07/2005
  Page Count: 4
  Series: NIJ Journal
  Annotation: This NIJ-funded study examined the effects of Federal truth-in-sentencing (TIS) legislation on State TIS reforms and of selected State TIS policies on prison populations.
  Abstract: Truth in sentencing refers to practices designed to reduce the apparent disparity between court-imposed sentences and the time offenders actually serve in prison. Federal legislation passed in 1994 as part of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act and amended in 1996 aimed to promote TIS reform by providing States with grants to expand their prison capacity if they imposed TIS requirements on violent offenders. The study reported in this article focused on whether States incorporated TIS into their laws; and, if so, to what extent the Federal TIS incentive Grant Program influenced reforms. Although many States had enacted TIS laws, the study concluded there was limited Federal influence on State TIS policies. State TIS reforms typically predated the Federal legislation or were incremental adjustments to existing practices. Another issue addressed in the study was whether State TIS practices helped produce changes in prison populations. The study found that State TIS practices generally increased the expected length of incarceration time, but these increases were rarely the main contributor to prison population increases. Changes in crime rates, arrest, and prison admissions tended to be more influential than TIS in lengthening actual prison terms. 2 notes
  Main Term(s): Court procedures
  Index Term(s): Sentencing/Sanctions ; State laws ; Sentencing reform ; Sentencing trends ; Federal legislation ; NIJ grant-related documents
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Grant Number: 98-CE-VX-0006
  Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America
  Type: Report (Study/Research) ; Legislation/Policy Analysis
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  Note: This article is based on "Influences of Truth-in-Sentencing Reforms on Changes in States' Sentencing Practices and Prison Populations," by William J. Sabol, Katherine J. Rosich, Kamala Mallik Kane, David Kirk, and Glenn Dubin.
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:

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