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NCJRS Abstract

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  NCJ Number: 209188   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
  Title: Evaluation of the Riverside Comprehensive Community-Wide Approach to Gang Prevention, Intervention and Suppression
  Document URL: PDF 
  Author(s): Irving A. Spergel ; Kwai M. Wa ; Rolando V. Sosa
  Corporate Author: School of Social Service Admin
United States of America
  Date Published: 10/2003
  Page Count: 380
  Annotation: This report presents the methodology and findings of the evaluation of Riverside's (California) Comprehensive Community-Wide Approach to Gang Prevention, Intervention, and Suppression Program, which was part of the national evaluation of the model gang program promoted under grants from the U.S. Justice Department's Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP).
  Abstract: The OJJDP model involved multiple agencies interactively addressing individual youth, family members, and gang peers. The five core model strategies were community mobilization, social intervention, provision of social opportunities, suppression/social control, and organizational change and development. The Riverside project, which was established in 1995 as a test of the OJJDP model, changed its name to BRIDGE (Building Resources for the Intervention and Deterrence of Gang Engagement) in 1999. Its 5-year (1995-2000) period of operations focused on two areas of the city with high rates of gang crime, with another gang-crime community selected as a comparison area. The program, established as a pilot effort, initially targeted gang-involved youth 12 to 21 years old who were on probation and involved in violent gang activity. One of the strongest components of the project was the employment-training and participation program of the Riverside Department of Human Resources. Also, two Riverside Police Department lieutenants assigned to the project had critical influence in community mobilization of agencies, program innovation, and administration. The evaluation involved a quasi-experimental design and multiple sources of data on project activities and outcomes. Measured outcomes focused on arrests of program and comparison youth. Program youth were three times as successful in the odds ratio of success to failure in reducing arrests for serious violence; they also had a lower ratio of failure to success for repeat drug arrests. Apparently the project did not reduce youth's membership and involvement in gangs relative to that of comparison youth during the project period. Extensive tables and figures and 80 references
  Main Term(s): Juvenile/Youth Gangs
  Index Term(s): Interagency cooperation ; Gang Prevention ; Gang violence ; OJJDP grant-related documents ; California
  Sponsoring Agency: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
US Dept of Justice
United States of America
  Grant Number: 97-MU-FX-K014-S-4
  Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

School of Social Service Admin
University of Chicago
969 East 60th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States of America
  Type: Program/Project Evaluation
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
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