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NCJRS Celebrates National Library Week April 12-18

National Library Week

Started in 1958, National Library Week is a nationwide observance celebrated by all types of libraries - including the NCJRS Virtual Library. NCJRS invites you to explore the breadth and scope of the NCJRS Virtual Library collection and services. With more than 220,000 collection documents and 60,000 online resources, including all known Office of Justice Programs works, it is one of the world’s largest criminal justice special collections.

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NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection.
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NCJ Number: NCJ 209189   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
Title: Evaluation of the San Antonio Comprehensive Community-Wide Approach to Gang Prevention, Intervention and Suppression Program
  Document URL: PDF 
Author(s): Irving A. Spergel ; Kwai Ming Wa ; Rolando V. Sosa
Corporate Author: School of Social Service Admin
United States of America
Date Published: 06/2004
Page Count: 230
  Annotation: This report presents the methodology and findings of the evaluation of San Antonio's (Texas) Comprehensive Community-Wide Approach to Gang Prevention, Intervention, and Suppression Program, which was part of the national evaluation of the model gang program promoted under grants from the U.S. Justice Department's Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP).
Abstract: The OJJDP model involved multiple agencies interactively addressing individual youth, family members, and gang peers. The five core model strategies were community mobilization, social intervention, provision of social opportunities, suppression/social control, and organizational change and development. The San Antonio Police Department (SAPD) received an OJJDP grant for a project called the Gang Rehabilitation, Assessment, and Service Program (GRAASP). A steering committee was developed to focus on mobilizing local neighborhood organizations; however, conflict between the SAPD and local neighborhood organizations emerged over the failure of the SAPD to allocate resources for community health and social services and recreational opportunities for the general youth population. Consequently, representatives of the justice system had little constructive collaboration with local agencies and grassroots organizations. GRAASP became essentially an outreach, social-service support program to gang-involved youth referred to outreach youth workers and case managers by juvenile probation and parole officers. There was no team structure or approach that incorporated practitioners from various organizations/agencies as key members of an effective steering committee. The evaluation matched a sample of 110 program youth with a sample of 120 comparison youth who received no project services. There was no evidence that program youth reduced their involvement with the gangs of which they were members; slightly more program youth became gang members. There was no substantial evidence that the GRAASP Project had a differential effect in reducing the level of gang crime at the individual, gang, or community levels. Extensive tables and figures and 62 references
Main Term(s): Juvenile delinquency prevention programs
Index Term(s): Juvenile/Youth Gangs ; Gangs ; Effectiveness of crime prevention programs ; Gang Prevention ; Gang violence ; OJJDP grant-related documents ; Texas
Sponsoring Agency: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention
US Dept of Justice
United States of America
Grant Number: 97-MU-FX-K014-S-4
Sale Source: NCJRS Photocopy Services
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849-6000
United States of America

School of Social Service Admin
University of Chicago
969 East 60th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States of America
Type: Program/Project Evaluation
Country: United States of America
Language: English
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