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NCJRS Abstract

The document referenced below is part of the NCJRS Library collection. To conduct further searches of the collection, visit the NCJRS Abstracts Database. See the Obtain Documents page for direction on how to access resources online, via mail, through interlibrary loans, or in a local library.

 
  NCJ Number: NCJ 214252   Add to Shopping cart   Find in a Library
  Title: Testing the Efficacy of SANE/SART Programs: Do They Make a Difference in Sexual Assault Arrest & Prosecution Outcomes?
  Document URL: PDF 
  Dataset URL: DATASET 1
  Author(s): M. Elaine Nugent-Borakove ; Patricia Fanflik ; David Troutman ; Nicole Johnson ; Ann Burgess ; Annie Lewis O'Connor
  Corporate Author: American Prosecutors Research Institute
United States of America
  Date Published: 2006
  Page Count: 223
  Annotation: This study examined the effectiveness of SANE (Sexual Assault Nurse Examiners)/SART (Sexual Assault Response Teams) programs as a tool in the criminal justice system, specifically the impact of sexual assault case outcomes.
  Abstract: Findings examining the effectiveness of Sexual Assault Nurse Examiners (SANE) and Sexual Assault Response Teams (SART) were quite supportive of SANE/SART interventions as valuable tools in the criminal justice system’s ability to respond to adult female sexual assault cases. SANE/SART interventions are effective tools in collecting and preserving valuable evidence for prosecution, including DNA evidence. An important finding is that SANE/SART interventions significantly increase the likelihood that charges will be filed in sexual assault cases. Additionally, even though a combined SANE and SART response yielded higher levels of participation than non-SANE/SART cases, SANE only cases showed the lowest levels of participation. Overall, the results are in favor of SANE/SART programs and help establish their effectiveness as a tool in the criminal justice system. This study supported by the U.S. Department of Justice, National Institute of Justice focused on the impact of SANE/SART interventions on the formal criminal justice response, specifically the outcomes of sexual assault cases. The American Prosecutors Research Institute (APRI) and Boston College examined five primary research questions: (1) was the arrest rate higher in cases where a SANE/SART exam was performed as compared with cases in which no exam was performed; (2) was the indictment/charging rate higher in such cases; (3) were guilty pleas more likely to be entered in such cases; (4) was the conviction rate higher in such cases; and (5) was the sentence more severe in such cases. Exhibits, references, appendixes A-B, datasets (case processing summary and case summaries), and codebook
  Main Term(s): Sexual assault
  Index Term(s): Program evaluation ; Sex offenses ; Sexual assault victims ; Services effectiveness ; Case processing ; Criminal justice program evaluation ; Victim reactions to crime ; NIJ grant-related documents
  Sponsoring Agency: National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
US Department of Justice
Office of Justice Programs
United States of America
  Grant Number: 2003-WG-BX-1003
  Sale Source: National Institute of Justice/NCJRS
Box 6000
Rockville, MD 20849
United States of America

American Prosecutors Research Institute
99 Canal Center. Plaza
Suite 510
Alexandria, VA 22314
United States of America
  Type: Program/Project Evaluation
  Country: United States of America
  Language: English
  Note: This report contains two documents, the second contains only the case processing and case summaries and the codebook.
   
  To cite this abstract, use the following link:
https://www.ncjrs.gov/App/Publications/abstract.aspx?ID=235777

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